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Liolaemus gravenhorstii (GRAY, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Liolaemus gravenhorstii - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGravenhorst's Tree Iguana 
SynonymLeiodera gravenhorstii GRAY 1845: 211
Proctotretus stantoni GIRARD 1855: 227
Ptychodeira stantoni — GIRARD 1858: 347
Liolaemus gravenhorstii — BOULENGER 1885: 142
Liolaemus stantoni — BOULENGER 1885: 144
Liolaemus gravenhorstii — DONOSO-BARROS 1966: 180 
DistributionC Chile, Argentina (Mendoza, San Juan), 2500 m elevation

Type locality: Chile  
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH xxii 77c-d (renumbered 1946.8.5.62-63). 
CommentLOBO (2001) suggests the following monophyletic species groups within Liolaemus: alticolor, altissimus, gravenhorstii, hellmichi, kriegi, leopardinus, monticola, nigromaculatus, nigroviridis, pictus and tenuis. 
EtymologyNamed after Johann Ludwig Christian (or Jean Louis Charles) Gravenhorst (1777 - 1857), German naturalist at the University of Breslau (Wroclaw, Poland). 
References
  • Andrews, R. M., Brandley, M. C. and Greene, V. W. 2013. Developmental sequences of squamate reptiles are taxon specific. Evolution & Development, 15: 326–343. doi: 10.1111/ede.12042 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • CEI, JOSÉ M. Y F. VIDELA 2001. Una rara especie de Liolaemus (Reptilia, Tropiduridae) de la herpetofauna cuyana, con distribución trans-cisandina - A rare species of Liolaemus (Reptilia, Tropiduridae) from the Cuyo herpetofauna, with trans-cis Andean distribution. Multequina 10: 35-42 - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1966. Reptiles de Chile. Santiago: Univ. Chile, 458 + cxlvi pp.
  • Girard, C. 1855. Abstract of a report to Lieut. James M. Gilliss, U.S.N., upon the reptiles collected during the U.S.N. Astronomical Expedition to Chili. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7 [1854]: 226-227. - get paper here
  • Girard, Charles F. 1858. United States Exploring Expedition during the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, Under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Vol. 20. Herpetology. C. Sherman & Son, Philadelphia, xv, 492 pages [see note in Zhao and Adler 1993: 369] - get paper here
  • González-Gutiérrez, Pablo A. 2014. Registros de Liolaemus gravenhorstii (Gray 1845) en zona urbana de Maipú y El Noviciado, Pudahuel. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 1: 15-16 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando 2001. A Phylogenetic Analysis of Lizards of the Liolaemus chiliensis Group (Iguania: Tropiduridae). The Herpetological Journal 11 (4):137-150
  • Núñez,H.; Schulte, J.A. & Garín, C. 2001. Liolaemus josephorum, nueva especie de lagartija para el Norte de Chile. Bol. Mus. Nac.Hist. Nat. 50: 91-107
  • QUINTEROS, ANDRÉS SEBASTIÁN 2013. A morphology-based phylogeny of the Liolaemus alticolor–bibronii group (Iguania: Liolaemidae). Zootaxa 3670: 1-32 - get paper here
  • Reyes-Olivares, C., Rain-Garrido, I., & Labra, A. 2016. Protrusión ocular en lagartos Liolaemus (Weigmann 1843). Gayana. 80 (1): 129-132 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1904. Ergebnisse der Hamburger Magalhaensischen Sammelreise. I. Band. Allgemeines, Chordonier, Echinodermen und Coelenteraten. IV. Reptilien und Batrachier. L Friedrichsen & Co, Hamburg, 21 pp.
  • Yaron, Z. 1985. Reptilian placentation and gestation: structure, function, and endocrine control. Pp. 527-603, in: C. Gans and F. Billet (eds.), Biology of the Reptilia, Volume 15: Development B. John Wiley and Sons, New York, x+729 - get paper here
 
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