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Liolaemus huayra ABDALA, QUINTEROS & ESPINOZA, 2008

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLiolaemus huayra ABDALA, QUINTEROS & ESPINOZA 2008
Liolaemus dorbignyi — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970 (part) 
DistributionArgentina (Tucumán)

Type locality: Cerro el Pichao, Sierra de Quilmes, Departamento Tafí del Valle, Provincia de Tucumán, Argentina (26° 22’ 26.7’’ S, 66° 04’ 54.2’’ W; 3545 m elevation).  
TypesHolotype: FML 18069. Adult male. Collected by C. S. Abdala and A. S. Quinteros, 21 November 2006. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Liolaemus huayra is a member of the montanus series (sensu Schulte et al., 2000), or the non-boulengeri group members of the montanus group (sensu Etheridge, 1995), which are characterized as possessing a bladelike process on the distal posterior tibia (Etheridge, 1995) that is associated with a greatly hypertrophied M. tibialis anticus (Abdala et al., 2006), and lacking an enlarged patch of scales on the posterior thighs (Etheridge, 1995). Liolaemus huayra is most similar to L. dorbignyi, but differs from this species and all other members of the montanus series in its unique dorsal color pattern of orange-brown background with irregular dark orange transverse paravertebral bars (Fig. 2a). Liolaemus huayra also has keeled, slightly imbricate dorsals, whereas the dorsals of L. dorbignyi are slightly keeled and imbricate. Liolaemus huayra has keeled dorsals differing from L. inti sp. nov. (described below), which has slightly keeled dorsals; L. huayra has supernumerary pores, which are not present in L. inti, also the dorsal color patterns are different between these two taxa. Among other members of the montanus series, L. huayra is a robust, large-bodied lizard (maximum SVL 94.3 mm), which distinguishes most adult specimens of this new species from L. andinus, L. audituvelatus, L. eleodori, L. erroneous, L. etheridgei, L. fabiani, L. famatinae, L. fililorum, L. fittkaui, L. griseus, L. hajeki, L. huacahuasicus, L. insolitus, L. islugensis, L. manueli, L. molinai, L. montanus, L. multicolor, L. orko, L. ortizi, L. pantherinus, L. poconchilensis, L. poecilo- chromus, L. pulcherrimus, L. reichei, L. rosenmanni, L. ruibali, L. torresi, and L. vallecurensis, which are smaller (maximum SVL 50–85 mm). Liolaemus huayra has flat, slightly imbricate, keeled dorsals, unlike L. andinus, L. audituvelatus, L. islugensis ergue- tae, L. filiorum, L. forsteri, L. insolitus, L. islugensis, L. molinai, L. patriciaiturrae, L. poecilochromus, L. robertoi, L. rosenmanni, L. scrocchii, L. schmidti, and L. stolzmanni, which have smooth juxtaposed dorsals, from L. manueli (smooth and slightly imbricate), and L. aymararum, L. etheridgei, L. fittkaui, L. huacahuasicus, L. montanus, L. ortizi, and L. thomasi, which have imbricate, strongly keeled, mucronate dorsals. Liolaemus chlorostictus, L. eleodori, L. jamesi, L. juanortizi, L. orientalis, L. poconchilensis, L. robustus, L. scrocchii, L. signifer annectens, L. s. signifer, and L. stolzmanni have slightly keeled, juxtaposed dorsals. Number of scales around midbody in L. huayra ranges 53–64, which distinguishes this new species from L. andinus, L. disjunctus, L. duellmani, L. eleodori, L. foxi, L. islugensis erguetae, L. i. islugensis, L. molinai, L. multicolor, L. nigriceps, L. patriciaiturrae, L. pleopholis, L. poecilochromus, L. pulcherrimus, L. robertoi, L. rosenmanni, L. ruibali, L. s. signifer, and L. vallecurensis, which have 64–110 midbody scales, and from L. juanortizi, which have fewer scales around midbody (39–53). Both of the adult female L. huayra examined have precloacal pores, in contrast to female L. andinus, L. audituvelatus, L. aymararum, L. duellmani, L. fabiani, L. griseus, L. hajeki, L. i. islugensis, L. jamesi, L. melanogaster, L. polystictus, L. puritamensis, L. robertoi, L. rosenmanni, L. ruibali, L. s. signifer, L. stolzmanni, and L vallecurensis, which lack precloacal pores [from ABDALA et al. 2008]
CommentDistribution: Map in Quinteros & Abdala 2011.

Habitat: rocks

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
Etymology‘‘Huayra’’ is a Quechuan word, attributable to the indigenous peoples of present-day northern Argentina and southern Bolivia, which means wind or windy. Liolaemus huayra inhabits rocky places on the tops of mountains of the Sierra de Quilmes, which is a windy region. 
  • Abdala, C.S.; S. Quinteros & R.E. Espinoza 2008. Two new species of Liolaemus (iguania: Liolaemidae) from the Puna of Northwestern Argentina. Herpetologica 64 (4): 458–471 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Nori, Javier; Romina Semhan, Cristian Simón Abdala, Octavio Rojas-Soto 2021. Filling Linnean shortfalls increases endemicity patterns: conservation and biogeographical implications for the extreme case of Liolaemus (Liolaemidae, Squamata) species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 194 92): 592–600 - get paper here
  • QUINTEROS, ANDRÉS SEBASTIÁN & CRISTIAN SIMÓN ABDALA 2011. A new species of Liolaemus of the Liolaemus montanus section (Iguania: Liolaemidae) from Northwestern Argentina. Zootaxa 2789: 35–48 - get paper here
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