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Liolaemus huayra ABDALA, QUINTEROS & ESPINOZA, 2008

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLiolaemus huayra ABDALA, QUINTEROS & ESPINOZA 2008 
DistributionArgentina (Tucumán)

Type locality: Cerro el Pichao, Sierra de Quilmes, Departamento Tafí del Valle, Provincia de Tucumán, Argentina (26° 22’ 26.7’’ S, 66° 04’ 54.2’’ W; 3545 m elevation). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: FML 18069. Adult male. Collected by C. S. Abdala and A. S. Quinteros, 21 November 2006. 
CommentDistribution: Map in Quinteros & Abdala 2011.

Diagnosis.—Liolaemus huayra is a member of the montanus series (sensu Schulte et al., 2000), or the non-boulengeri group members of the montanus group (sensu Etheridge, 1995), which are characterized as possessing a bladelike process on the distal posterior tibia (Etheridge, 1995) that is associated with a greatly hypertrophied M. tibialis anticus (Abdala et al., 2006), and lacking an enlarged patch of scales on the posterior thighs (Etheridge, 1995). Liolaemus huayra is most similar to L. dorbignyi, but differs from this species and all other members of the montanus series in its unique dorsal color pattern of orange-brown background with irregular dark orange transverse paravertebral bars (Fig. 2a). Liolaemus huayra also has keeled, slightly imbricate dorsals, whereas the dorsals of L. dorbignyi are slightly keeled and imbricate. Liolaemus huayra has keeled dorsals differing from L. inti sp. nov. (described below), which has slightly keeled dorsals; L. huayra has supernumerary pores, which are not present in L. inti, also the dorsal color patterns are different between these two taxa. Among other members of the montanus series, L. huayra is a robust, large-bodied lizard (maximum SVL 94.3 mm), which distinguishes most adult specimens of this new species from L. andinus, L. audituvelatus, L. eleodori, L. erroneous, L. etheridgei, L. fabiani, L. famatinae, L. fililorum, L. fittkaui, L. griseus, L. hajeki, L. huacahuasicus, L. insolitus, L. islugensis, L. manueli, L. molinai, L. montanus, L. multicolor, L. orko, L. ortizi, L. pantherinus, L. poconchilensis, L. poecilo- chromus, L. pulcherrimus, L. reichei, L. rosenmanni, L. ruibali, L. torresi, and L. vallecurensis, which are smaller (maximum SVL 50–85 mm). Liolaemus huayra has flat, slightly imbricate, keeled dorsals, unlike L. andinus, L. audituvelatus, L. islugensis ergue- tae, L. filiorum, L. forsteri, L. insolitus, L. islugensis, L. molinai, L. patriciaiturrae, L. poecilochromus, L. robertoi, L. rosenmanni, L. scrocchii, L. schmidti, and L. stolzmanni, which have smooth juxtaposed dorsals, from L. manueli (smooth and slightly imbricate), and L. aymararum, L. etheridgei, L. fittkaui, L. huacahuasicus, L. montanus, L. ortizi, and L. thomasi, which have imbricate, strongly keeled, mucronate dorsals. Liolaemus chlorostictus, L. eleodori, L. jamesi, L. juanortizi, L. orientalis, L. poconchilensis, L. robustus, L. scrocchii, L. signifer annectens, L. s. signifer, and L. stolzmanni have slightly keeled, juxtaposed dorsals. Number of scales around midbody in L. huayra ranges 53–64, which distinguishes this new species from L. andinus, L. disjunctus, L. duellmani, L. eleodori, L. foxi, L. islugensis erguetae, L. i. islugensis, L. molinai, L. multicolor, L. nigriceps, L. patriciaiturrae, L. pleopholis, L. poecilochromus, L. pulcherrimus, L. robertoi, L. rosenmanni, L. ruibali, L. s. signifer, and L. vallecurensis, which have 64–110 midbody scales, and from L. juanortizi, which have fewer scales around midbody (39–53). Both of the adult female L. huayra examined have precloacal pores, in contrast to female L. andinus, L. audituvelatus, L. aymararum, L. duellmani, L. fabiani, L. griseus, L. hajeki, L. i. islugensis, L. jamesi, L. melanogaster, L. polystictus, L. puritamensis, L. robertoi, L. rosenmanni, L. ruibali, L. s. signifer, L. stolzmanni, and L vallecurensis, which lack precloacal pores [from ABDALA et al. 2008]

Habitat: rocks 
EtymologyEtymology.—‘‘Huayra’’ is a Quechuan word, attributable to the indigenous peoples of present-day northern Argentina and southern Bolivia, which means wind or windy. Liolaemus huayra inhabits rocky places on the tops of mountains of the Sierra de Quilmes, which is a windy region. 
References
  • Abdala, C.S.; S. Quinteros & R.E. Espinoza 2008. Two new species of Liolaemus (iguania: Liolaemidae) from the Puna of Northwestern Argentina. Herpetologica 64 (4): 458–471 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • QUINTEROS, ANDRÉS SEBASTIÁN & CRISTIAN SIMÓN ABDALA 2011. A new species of Liolaemus of the Liolaemus montanus section (Iguania: Liolaemidae) from Northwestern Argentina. Zootaxa 2789: 35–48 - get paper here
 
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