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Liolaemus leopardinus MÜLLER & HELLMICH, 1932

IUCN Red List - Liolaemus leopardinus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Leopard Tree Iguana 
SynonymLiolaemus leopardinus MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1932
Liolaemus leopardinus ramonensis MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1932: 314
Liolaemus leopardinus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 183
Liolaemus ramonensis — NÚÑEZ & JAKSIC 1992
Liolaemus leopardinus — SCHULTE et al. 2000
Liolaemus leopardinus — LOBO et al. 2010
Liolaemus ramonensis — LOBO et al. 2010
Liolaemus leopardinus — ESQUERRÉ et al. 2019 
DistributionChile (high mountains in Cajón del Mapocho, Valle del Volcán and Cerro Ramón, Provincia Santiago, Chile).

Type locality: Fierro Carrera, Valle del Río San Francisco, Cerro El Plomo, Cordillera de Santiago, Chile, elevation 2700 m.

ramonensis: Chile (Santiago); Type locality: Cerro de Ramón, Provincia Santiago, Chile, elevation 2600 m.  
ReproductionVivparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZSM 39/1931, female
Holotype: ZSM 41/1931 [ramonensis] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Esquerré et al. 2019 synonymized L. ramonensis with L. leopardinus.

Subspecies: The previously recognized subspecies ramonensis and valdesianus have been raised to species status.

LOBO (2001) suggests the following monophyletic species groups within Liolaemus: alticolor, altissimus, gravenhorstii, hellmichi, kriegi, leopardinus, monticola, nigromaculatus, nigroviridis, pictus and tenuis.

Distribution (ramonensis): not listed for Argentina fide AVILA et al. 2010, Lista de las lagartijas y anfisbaenas de Argentina.

Abundance (ramonensis): only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
Etymology 
References
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Esquerré, Damien; Diego Ramírez-Álvarez, Carlos J. Pavón-Vázquez, Jaime Troncoso-Palacios, Carlos F. Garín, J. Scott Keogh, Adam D. Leaché 2019. Speciation across mountains: phylogenomics, species delimitation and taxonomy of the Liolaemus leopardinus clade (Squamata, Liolaemidae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 106524 - get paper here
  • ESQUERRÉ, DAMIEN; JAIME TRONCOSO-PALACIOS, CARLOS F. GARÍN & HERMAN NÚNEZ 2014. The missing leopard lizard: Liolaemus ubaghsi sp. nov., a new species of the leopardinus clade (Reptilia: Squamata: Liolaemidae) from the Andes of the O’Higgins Region in Chile. Zootaxa 3815 (4): 507–525 - get paper here
  • Gagliardi, Jorge et al. 2016. Fotografías herpetológicas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 40-52. PDF - get paper here
  • Lobo, F.; Espinoza, R.E. and S. Quinteros 2010. A critical review and systematic discussion of recent classification proposals for liolaemid lizards. Zootaxa 2549: 1–30 - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando 2001. A Phylogenetic Analysis of Lizards of the Liolaemus chiliensis Group (Iguania: Tropiduridae). The Herpetological Journal 11 (4):137-150
  • Maggi, Vicente Pantoja 2016. Primer registro de Liolaemus leopardinus Müller & Hellmich 1932 (Squamata, Liolaemidae), alimentándose de una larva de Lepidoptera. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 34. PDF - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Müller, Lorenz & Hellmich, Walter 1932. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Chiles. II. Neue Liolaemus - Arten und Rassen aus den Hochanden Chiles. Zool. Anz. 97 (11/12): 307-329
  • Murphy, Andrew R.; Michael G. Gardner; Stanley F. Fox 2009. Isolation of microsatellites via enrichment and a sequence tagged method in a South American lizard with suspected parental care, Liolaemus leopardinus. Conservation Genet Resour (2009) 1:13–16
  • Núñez,H. & Jaksíc,F. 1992. Lista comentada de los reptiles terrestres de Chile continental. Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Chile 43: 63-91
  • Núñez,H.; Schulte, J.A. & Garín, C. 2001. Liolaemus josephorum, nueva especie de lagartija para el Norte de Chile. Bol. Mus. Nac.Hist. Nat. 50: 91-107
  • Santoyo-Brito, Enrique; Stanley F. Fox, and Herman Núñez 2018. Age estimation through skeletochronology and mark-recapture of free-living Liolaemus leopardinus (Squamata: Liolaemidae) from Chile. Phyllomedusa 17 (1): 101-112 - get paper here
  • Santoyo-Brito, Enrique; Stanley F. Fox, Herman Núñez 2017. Experimental evidence for embryo retention in the high-elevation Chilean lizard Liolaemus leopardinus (Squamata: Liolaemidae). Phyllomedusa 16 (2): 295-298 - get paper here
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime and Damien Esquerré 2014. A new species of Phymaturus of the P. mallimaccii Group from the Andes of central Chile (Iguania: Liolaemidae). Phyllomedusa 13 (1):3–15 - get paper here
 
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