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Liolaemus normae ESQUERRÉ, RAMÍREZ-ÁLVAREZ, PAVÓN-VÁZQUEZ, TRONCOSO-PALACIOS, GARÍN, KEOGH & LEACHÉ, 2019

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLos Cristales leopard lizard, Norma’s leopard lizard
S: lagarto leopardo de Los Cristales, lagarto leopardo de Norma 
SynonymLiolaemus normae ESQUERRÉ, RAMÍREZ-ÁLVAREZ, PAVÓN-VÁZQUEZ, TRONCOSO-PALACIOS, GARÍN, KEOGH & LEACHÉ 2019 
DistributionChile

Type locality: Los Cristales Lagoon (34°34’10” S - 70°31’05’’ W), Rengo, O’Higgins Region, Chile, at 2.372 m elevation.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: SSUC Re 738, male, collected by Diego Ramírez-Álvarez and Jaime Troncoso-Palacios, on January 21, 2016. See Fig. S1. in Esquerré et al. 2019.
Paratypes. SSUC-Re 739, male; SSUC-Re 740, male; and SSUC-Re 743, female. Same collection data as holotype, 2279-2372 m. SSUC-Re 741, female; SSUC-Re 742, male; same locality as the holotype, collected by Diego Ramírez-Álvarez on March 28, 2015. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. The most conspicuous diagnostic trait that allows L. normae sp. nov. to be differentiated from all the other member of the L. leopardinus clade is its deep blood red belly (Figs. 11 and S3 in Esquerré et al. 2019). It differs from L. leopardinus in completely lacking the leopard-like spots characteristic of this species. Despite both having dark flanks, L. normae sp. nov. differs from L. frassinettii and L. valdesianus by not having a black post-humeral spot that ends around mid-body and by not having leopard-like spots on the tail. We could not find consistent scalation traits that would serve to distinguish it from the other species. See Table S4 in Esquerré et al. 2019 for morphological comparison between taxa. 
Comment 
EtymologyDedicated to Norma Álvarez, mother of DRA (who discovered the population in Los Cristales Lagoon). 
References
  • Esquerré, Damien; Diego Ramírez-Álvarez, Carlos J. Pavón-Vázquez, Jaime Troncoso-Palacios, Carlos F. Garín, J. Scott Keogh, Adam D. Leaché 2019. Speciation across mountains: phylogenomics, species delimitation and taxonomy of the Liolaemus leopardinus clade (Squamata, Liolaemidae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 106524 - get paper here
 
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