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Liolaemus pictus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837)

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLiolaemus pictus pictus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837)
Liolaemus pictus argentinus MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1939
Liolaemus pictus chiloeensis MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1939
Liolaemus pictus major BOULENGER 1885
Liolaemus pictus talcanensis URBINA & ZUNGIA 1977
Liolaemus pictus codoceae PINCHEIRA-DONOSO & NUNEZ 2005 
Common NamesPainted Tree Iguana 
SynonymProctotretus pictus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 276
Proctotretus Pictus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 269
Liolaemus pictus — GRAY 1845: 213
Liolaemus pictus — BOULENGER 1885: 151
Liolaemus pictus — SCHULTE et al. 2000

Liolaemus pictus pictus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837)
Chrysosaurus morio GAY 1848: 47
Proctotretus prasinus COPE 1868: 120
Liolaemus pictus pictus — BURT & BURT 1930: 17
Liolaemus pictus pictus — DONOSO-BARROS 1966: 215
Liolaemus pictus pictus — PETERS et al. 1970: 192

Liolaemus pictus argentinus MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1939
Liolaemus pictus argentinus — CEI 1984: 192
Liolaemus argentinus — LOBO et al. 2010
Liolaemus pictus argentinus — PEREZ et al. 2011
Liolaemus pictus argentinus — MINOLI et al. 2015

Liolaemus pictus chiloeensis MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1939
Liolaemus pictus chiloeensis — CEI 1984: 192
Liolaemus chiloeensis — LOBO et al. 2010

Liolaemus pictus major BOULENGER 1885: 152
Liolaemus pictus major — CEI 1984: 192
Liolaemus pictus codoceae PINCHEIRA-DONOSO & NUNEZ 2005 (nom. emend.)

Liolaemus pictus talcanensis URBINA & ZUNGIA 1977
Liolaemus pictus talcanensis — CEI 1984: 192
Liolaemus talcanensis — LOBO et al. 2010 
DistributionS Chile, Argentina (incl. Rio Negro, Chubut)

Type locality: "Chili". Restricted type locality: "Valdivia".(Hellmich, Abh. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 24: XXX)

argentinus: Argentina (Rio Negro)  
ReproductionVivparous. 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN Paris No. 619, 620, 6845 (9), 2500, ANSP 8201
Holotype: ANSP 22945; Chile [prasinus] 
CommentSubspecies: the current system of subspecies has not been supported by recent studies. Vera-Escalona et a. (2013) suggest to recognize only L. pictus (the Southern group) and L. septentrionalis (the Northern group).

Species group: LOBO (2001) suggests the following monophyletic species groups within Liolaemus: alticolor, altissimus, gravenhorstii, hellmichi, kriegi, leopardinus, monticola, nigromaculatus, nigroviridis, pictus and tenuis.

Types: The syntypes of L. p. major are probably assignable to Liolaemus elongatus from populations occurring in Patagonia (southern Argentina or adjacent Chile). However, the precise identity of the syntypes requires additional study and perhaps a type locality restriction or redefinition of L. elongatus, which is itself in a state of flux (ESPINOZA et al. 2011). 
References
  • Álvarez, Andrea & Javier Zelada 2014. Un caso de saurofagia en Liolaemus pictus (Duméril & Bibron 1837) (Iguania: Liolaemidae). Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 1: 14 - get paper here
  • Avila, L. J.; Martinez, L. E.; Morando, M. 2010. Lista de las lagartijas y anfisbaenas de Argentina: una actualización [en línea]. Ver.1.0. 1 Diciembre 2010 [Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: An update]. Centro Nacional Patagónico CENPAT-CONICET. Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina. - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt, C. E.; Burt, M. D. 1930. The South American lizards in the collection of the United States National Museum. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 78 (6): 1-52 - get paper here
  • Castro-Pastene, Carlos 2015. Registro de Liolaemus pictus (Duméril & Bibron 1837) (Squamata, Liolaemidae) con dos colas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 2: 29 - get paper here
  • Cei J M; Williams J D 1984. Las colecciones herpetologicas de la expedicion patagonica del Perito Moreno (Marzo-Abril de 1896) y las formas argentinas de Liolaemus del grupo pictus. REVISTA DEL MUSEO DE LA PLATA SECCION ZOOLOGIA 13 (139): 183-194
  • Cope, E.D. 1868. An examination of the Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by the Orton Expedition to Equador and the Upper Amazon, with notes on other species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 96-140 - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1966. Reptiles de Chile. Santiago: Univ. Chile, 458 + cxlvi pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Espinoza, Robert E.; Fernando Lobo, and Richard Etheridge 2011. Taxonomic History of the Iguanian Lizard Liolaemus pictus major Boulenger, with a Revalidation of Liolaemus capillitas Hulse. Journal of Herpetology 45 (1): 129-133 - get paper here
  • Gay, C. 1848. Historia física y política de Chile. Paris, Vol. 2: 47, 53, 61
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Gutierrez, Joel Antu, Carla Piantoni and Nora R. Ibargüengoytía. 2013. Altitudinal effects on life history parameters in populations of Liolaemus pictus argentinus (Sauria: Liolaemidae). Acta Herpetologica 8 (1): 9-17
  • Hellmich,W. 1938. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Chiles. XII. Die Eidechsen des Volcán Villa Rica (Sammlung Schröder). Zool. Anz. 124 (9-10): 237-242.
  • Kubisch, E. L, Fernández, J. B., Ibargüengoytía, N. R. 2011. Is locomotor performance optimized at preferred body temperature? A study of Liolaemus pictus argentinus from northern Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of Thermal Biology 36: 328-333
  • Lobo, F.; Espinoza, R.E. and S. Quinteros 2010. A critical review and systematic discussion of recent classification proposals for liolaemid lizards. Zootaxa 2549: 1–30 - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando 2001. A Phylogenetic Analysis of Lizards of the Liolaemus chiliensis Group (Iguania: Tropiduridae). The Herpetological Journal 11 (4):137-150
  • Minoli I, Morando M, Avila LJ 2015. Reptiles of Chubut province, Argentina: richness, diversity, conservation status and geographic distribution maps. ZooKeys 498: 103-126. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.498.7476 - get paper here
  • Mora, Marta and Antonieta Labra 2017. The Response of Two Liolaemus Lizard Species to Ash from Fire and Volcanism Journal of Herpetology 51 (3): 388 - get paper here
  • Müller, Lorenz & Hellmich, Walter 1939. Liolaemus-Arten aus dem westlichen Argentinien. Zool. Anz. 128: 1-17
  • Perez, C.H.F.; N. Frutos; M. Kozykariski; M. Morando; D.R. Perez; L.J. Avila. 2011. Lizards of Rio Negro Province, northern Patagonia, Argentina. Check List 7 (3): 202-219 - get paper here
  • PINCHEIRA-DONOSO, Daniel & HERMAN NÚÑEZ 2005. The Chilean species of the genus Liolaemus Wiegmann, 1834 (Iguania, Tropiduridae, Liolaeminae). Taxonomy, systematics and evolution [in Spanish] Mus Nac Hist Nat Chile Publ Ocas 59: 1-486
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • Tulli, M.J.; F.B. Cruz, A. Herrel, B. Vanhooydonck, V. Abdala 2009. The interplay between claw morphology and microhabitat use in neotropical iguanian lizards. Zoology 112 (5): 379-392 - get paper here
  • Ulmer, P. 2006. Freilanduntersuchungen an Rhinoderma darwinii, dem Darwinfrosch. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (60): 30-38 - get paper here
  • Urbina, M. & ZUNGIA, O. 1977. Liolaemus pictus talcanensis nov. subsp. (Squamata - Iguanidae) nuevo reptil para el archipiélago de Chiloé. Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Valparaíso (Chile) 10: 69-74
  • Vera-Escalona I, D’Elía G, Gouin N, Fontanella FM, Muñoz-Mendoza C, Sites, Jr. Jack W., Victoriano, Pedro F. 2012. Lizards on Ice: Evidence for Multiple Refugia in Liolaemus pictus (Liolaemidae) during the Last Glacial Maximum in the Southern Andean Beech Forests. PLoS ONE 7(11): e48358. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0048358 - get paper here
  • Victoriano, P.F.; Ortiz, J.C.; Benavides, E.; Adams, B.J. & Sites, J.W. 2008. Comparative phylogeography of codistributed species of Chilean Liolaemus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) from the central-southern Andean range. Molecular Ecology 17: 2397–2416 - get paper here
  • Vidal, Marcela A.; Ortiz, Juan Carlos; Marín, Juan Carlos; Poulin, Elie; Moreno, Patricio I. 2012. Comparative phylogeography of two co-distributed species of lizards of the genus Liolaemus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) from Southern Chile. Amphibia-Reptilia 33 (1): 55-67 - get paper here
  • Vidal, Marcela A.; Veloso, Alberto; Méndez, Marco A. 2006. Insular morphological divergence in the lizard Liolaemus pictus (Liolaemidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 27 (1): 103-111 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1896. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Reptilien und Batrachier von Centralamerika und Chile, sowie einiger seltenerer Schlangenarten. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich— Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 46: 344—365 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2009. Auf den Spuren von Darwin durch Südamerika, Teil 2: Von Patagonien nach Zntral-Chile. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (79): 52-61 - get paper here
  • Willson, M. F., C. Sabag, J. Figueroa, J. J. Armesto, and M. Caviedes. 1996. Seed dispersal by lizards in Chilean rainforest. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 69(3): 339-342
  • Winchell, S. 2010. Die Reptilien Argentiniens. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (83): 20-27 - get paper here
  • Zúñiga, Alfredo H.; Víctor Fuenzalida & Rodolfo Sandoval. 2016. Uso del espacio por parte de lagartijas simpátridas del género Liolaemus (Squamata, Liolaemidae) en un ambiente fragmentado del Sur de Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 1-3. PDF - get paper here
 
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