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Liolaemus punmahuida AVILA, PEREZ & MORANDO, 2003

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLiolaemus punmahuida AVILA, PEREZ & MORANDO 2003 
DistributionArgentina (Neuquén), elevations > 2900 m.

Type locality: adult male from Tromen Volcano, Chos Malal
Department, Neuquén, Argentina (37° 06’ S, 70° 08’ W, 3000 m elevation). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: FML 11958 
CommentBelongs to the Liolaemus elongatus-kriegi group (fide ESPINOZA et al. 2000 and AVILA et al. 2003).

Diagnosis: Liolaemus punmahuida can be distinguished from all other members of the L. elongatus-kriegi complex, with the exception of L. kriegi, by the brightly red/yellow ventral coloration from the insertion of the forelimbs to the tip of the tail in both sexes, the white/ cream coloration on the sides of the head, and the distinctive black line between orbit and nasal scales. Members of the L. elongatus/kriegi complex have some kind of ventral coloration, but, in general, this is restricted to the precloacal, cloacal, and adjacent femoral, tail, or belly areas. The species also can be distinguished from all other members of the L. elongatus-kriegi complex, except L. thermarum and some individuals of L. capillitas, by the absent of precloacal pores. Liolaemus elongatus, L. petrophilus, and L. capillitas have dorsal scales that are more distinctly keeled and imbricate than those of L. punmahuida (after AVILA et al. 2003).

Liolaemus elongatus is a highly variable species but usually has a dorsal pattern of well defined dorsal and lateral longitudinal bands (6–12 scales wide), not present in L. punmahuida. Liolaemus thermarum is smaller (maximum SVL 85 mm versus 96 mm in L. punmahuida), has a higher number of scales around the midbody (84–89 versus 67–81 in L. punmahuida), and has a banded dorsal pattern and a wide dark lateral band that is absent in L. punmahuida. Liolaemus austromendocinus usually has a pale brown dorsal coloration with no distinct pattern, but is covered by small irregularly scattered black, tan-brown, white, and light blue colored flecks, and the tail is weakly to distinctly ringed with brown stripes, all of which are lacking in L. punmahuida. Liolaemus capillitas has fewer midbody scales (60–70 versus 67–81 in L. punmahuida) and has a dark area along the anterior flanks and the dorsal surface of the arm (Hulse, 1979), not present in L. punmahuida. Liolaemus heliodermis has fewer midbody scales (62– 69) and a sulfur-yellow torso and black head in males, whereas in L. punmahuida conspicuous sexual dichromatism is absent. Liolaemus dicktracyi has a black head and shoulders, indigo to light blue torso, and charcoal gray to black ventral coloration (Espinoza and Lobo, 2003) never found in L. punmahuida. Liolaemus petrophilus has a faint to very conspicuous dorsal ‘‘tigroid’’ pattern of transverse dark bars on an ochre-green-yellowish background and conspicuous black rings on the tail (Cei, 1974; Donoso-Barros and Cei, 1971), not present in L. punmahuida. Liolaemus umbrifer has black arms that are distinctive from the light to dark brown background color of the dorsum, coloration never observed in L. punmahuida. Liolaemus kriegi and L. buergeri have relatively small body scales and, therefore, a high midbody scale count that does not overlap the midbody count of L. punmahuida. The dorsal scales of L. buergeri and L. kriegi have a distinct vertebral band of smaller scales (10–20 scales wide), which is absent in L. punmahuida where all dorsal scales are similar. Liolaemus buergeri and L. kriegi also have a variable dorsal coloration pattern, but always with some kind of discernible longitudinal band or transversal band/stripes and a conspicuous head melanism not observed in L. punmahuida (after AVILA et al. 2003). 
EtymologyNamed after one of the aboriginal names used for the type locality, Pun Mahuida, in Mapuche language: cloudy or black mountain. 
References
  • Avila, L.J. & Perez, D.R. 2006. Reptilia, Iguania, Liolaemini, Liolaemus punmahuida: new geographic record. Check List 2 (1): 55-56 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • Avila,L.J.; Perez, C.H.F. & Morando,M. 2003. A new species of Liolaemus (Squamata: Iguania: Liolaemidae) from Northwestern Patagonia (Neuquén, Argentina). Herpetologica 59 (4): 534–545 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios J, Díaz HA, Esquerré D, Urra FA 2015. Two new species of the Liolaemus elongatus-kriegi complex (Iguania, Liolaemidae) from Andean highlands of southern Chile. ZooKeys 500: 83-109. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.500.8725 - get paper here
 
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http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Liolaemus&species=punmahuida

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