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Liolaemus signifer (DUMÈRIL & BIBRON, 1837)

IUCN Red List - Liolaemus signifer - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Zodiac Tree Iguana
S: Lagartija rubricauda 
SynonymProctotretus signifer DUMÈRIL & BIBRON 1837: 288
Proctotretus Signifer — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 269
Proctotretus multiformis COPE 1875: 178
Proctotretus multiformis — COPE 1878: 35
Liolaemus crequii [variabilis courtyi] PELLEGRIN 1909 (fide LAURENT 1992)
Liolaemus bolivianus PELLEGRIN 1909 (fide HELLMICH 1962)
Liolaemus multiformis COPE 1876 (fide LAURENT 1992)
Liolaemus multiformis — BOULENGER 1885: 153
Liolaemus lenzi BOETTGER 1891: 344
Liolaemus tropidonotus BOULENGER 1902: 397
Liolaemus variabilis PELLEGRIN 1909
Liolaemus variabilis courtyi PELLEGRIN 1909
Liolaemus variabilis crequii PELLEGRIN 1909
Liolaemus variabilis neveui PELLEGRIN 1909
Liolaemus variabilis — RENDAHL 1937
Liolaemus multiformis multiformis — SHREVE 1941
Liolaemus signifer — PETERS et al. 1970: 194
Liolaemus signifer — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Liolaemus (Eulaemus) signifer — RAMIREZ LEYTON & PINCHEIRA-DONOSO 2005: 142
Liolaemus tropidonotus — LANGSTROTH 2005 
DistributionChile, Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí), Peru (Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Moquegua, Puno, Tacna)

Type locality: "Chili"; Restricted type locality “highlands of Peru and Bolivia" (Cei, Lescure, and Ortiz, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 2: 999) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: MNHN Paris 6860.
Syntypes: (6) ANSP 13064-65, 11369-70, 13098, 13104 [Proctotretus multiformis] 
CommentSubspecies: Liolaemus signifer annectens BOULENGER 1901 is now treated as valid species. 
  • Abdala, C.S.; S. Quinteros & R.E. Espinoza 2008. Two new species of Liolaemus (iguania: Liolaemidae) from the Puna of Northwestern Argentina. Herpetologica 64 (4): 458–471 - get paper here
  • Abdala, Cristian Simón; Marcos Maximiliano Paz & Romina Valeria Semhan 2013. Nuevo Liolaemus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) con novedoso carácter morfológico, de la frontera entre Argentina y Chile. Rev. Biol. Trop. 61 (4): 1563-1584 - get paper here
  • Aguilar, Cesar; Perry L. Wood Jr, Mark C. Belk, Mike H. Duff and Jack W. Sites Jr 2016. Different roads lead to Rome: Integrative taxonomic approaches lead to the discovery of two new lizard lineages in the Liolaemus montanus group (Squamata: Liolaemidae) Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12890 - get paper here
  • Boettger, Oskar 1891. Reptilien und Batrachier aus Bolivien. Zool. Anz. 14: 343-347 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1901. Further descriptions of new reptiles collected by Mr. P. O. Simons in Peru and Bolivia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 7 (42): 546-549 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1902. Descriptions of new batrachians and reptiles from the Andes of Peru and Bolivia [Elaps regularis not assigned]. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 10 (59): 394-402 - get paper here
  • Cei,J.M., Lescure,J. & Ortiz,J.C. 1980. Redécouverte de l’holotype de Proctotretus signifer DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837 (Reptilia, Iguanidae). Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat. Paris (4) 2 (3): 919-925
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. Report on the Reptiles brought by Professor James Orton from the middle and upper Amazon and western Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 159-183 [sometimes thought to be published 1876 but see Murphy et al. 2007 for clarification] - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1878. Synopsis of the cold blooded Vertebrata, procured by Prof. James Orton, during his exploration of Peru in 1876-77. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 17: 33-49 [1877] - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Gallardo, Jose M. 1971. Algunos ideas sobre la zoogeografia de los saurios patagonicos. Revista Museo Argentino De Ciencias Naturales Bernadino Rivadavia 1 (4): 135-146
  • Hellmich, W. 1962. Bemerkungen zur individuellen Varibialität von Liolaemus multiformis (Cope). (Iguanidae.). Opuscula Zool. 67: 1-10.
  • Langstroth, R.P. 2005. Adiciones probables y confirmadas para la saurofauna boliviana. Kempffiana 1 (1): 101-128
  • Laurent R F 1992. On some overlooked species of the genus Liolaemus Wiegmann (Reptilia Tropiduridae) from Peru. Breviora (494): 1-33 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lobo, F.; Espinoza, R.E. and S. Quinteros 2010. A critical review and systematic discussion of recent classification proposals for liolaemid lizards. Zootaxa 2549: 1–30 - get paper here
  • Núñez, H. and A. Veloso 2001. Distribución geográfica de las especies de lagartos de la región de Antofagasta, Chile. Bol. Mus. Nac.Hist. Nat. 50: 109-120
  • Pellegrin,J. 1909. Description de cinq lézards nouveaux des hauts-plateaux du Pérou et de la Bolivie, appartenant au genre Liolaemus. Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat. Paris 6: 324-329 - get paper here
  • Ramírez Leyton, G. & Pincheira Donoso, D. 2005. Fauna del Altiplano y Desierto de Atacama. Phrynosaura Ediciones, 395 pp.
  • Rendahl, H. 1937. Einige Reptilien aus Ecuador und Bolivia. Ark. Zool. 29 (13): 1-19.
  • Shreve, Benjamin 1941. Notes on Ecuadorian and Peruvian reptiles and amphibians with description of new forms. Proc. New England zool. Club 18: 71-83
  • Stejneger, Leonhard 1913. Results of the Yale Peruvian Expedition of 1911.—Batrachians and reptiles. Proc. US. Natl. Mus. 45 (1992): 541-547 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios, J 2014. Revision of the geographic distribution of three species of the montanus group of Liolaemus Wiegmann, 1834 (Reptilia: Squamata: Liolaemidae). Check List 10 (1):221-229 - get paper here
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