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Liolaemus zapallarensis MÜLLER & HELLMICH, 1933

IUCN Red List - Liolaemus zapallarensis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLiolaemus zapallarensis zapallarensis (MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1933)
Liolaemus zapallarensis ater (MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1933)
Liolaemus zapallarensis sieversi (DONOSO-BARROS 1954) 
Common NamesZapallaren Tree Iguana 
SynonymLiolaemus nigromaculatus zapallarensis MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1933
Liolaemus nigromaculatus kuhlmanni MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1933
Liolaemus nigromaculatus kuhlmani [sic] — DONOSO-BARROS 1966: 245
Liolaemus nigromaculatus kuhlmanni — PETERS et al. 1970: 190
Liolaemus kuhlmanni — ORTIZ 1981
Liolaemus kuhlmanni — TRONCOSO-PALACIOS et al. 2016 (without details)

Liolaemus zapallarensis zapallarensis (MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1933)
Liolaemus nigromaculatus zapallarensis MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1933
Liolaemus nigromaculatus zapallarensis — PETERS et al. 1970: 190

Liolaemus zapallarensis sieversi (DONOSO-BARROS 1954)
Liolaemus nigromaculatus sieversi DONOSO-BARROS 1954
Liolaemus nigromaculatus sieversi — DONOSO-BARROS 1966: 259
Liolaemus nigromaculatus sieversi — PETERS et al. 1970: 190
Liolaemus sieversi — LOBO et al. 2010
Liolaemus zapallarensis sieversi — RUIZ D EGAMBOA 2016

Liolaemus zapallarensis ater (MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1933)
Liolaemus nigromaculatus ater MÜLLER & HELLMICH 1933: 129
Liolaemus nigromaculatus ater — DONOSO-BARROS 1966: 261
Liolaemus nigromaculatus ater — PETERS et al. 1970: 189
Liolaemus ater — LOBO et al. 2010
Liolaemus zapallarensis ater — RUIZ D EGAMBOA 2016 

Type locality: “Zapallar (Mitelchile)”

kuhlmanni: Chile (Coquimbo, Aconcagua, Valparaiso, Santiago); Type locality: “Jalmel bei Los Andes (Mittelchile)”

sieversi: Chile; Type locality: Locos Island, Pichidangui, Coquimbo Region, Chile  
TypesHolotype: ZSM 183/1931, male, collected by W. Hellmich, 02.09.1930.
Syntypes: ZSM 184/1931/1-2 (originally ZSM 184/1931a-b [kuhlmanni]
Holotype: not located fide Frost 2010: 51 [sieversi] 
CommentSynonymy partly after PETERS et al. 1970. PINCHEIRA-DONOSO et al. 2008 considered L. kuhlmanni as a synonym of Liolaemus zapallarensis, a decision that Demangel 2016 followed, but which was rejected by LOBO et al. 2010.

NCBI taxonID: 1803907 [kuhlmanni] 
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1954. Consideraciones sobre la ecología de los reptiles del sur de Coquimbo, (Santiago). Zooitria 3 (11): 3-5
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1966. Reptiles de Chile. Santiago: Univ. Chile, 458 + cxlvi pp.
  • Lobo, F.; Espinoza, R.E. and S. Quinteros 2010. A critical review and systematic discussion of recent classification proposals for liolaemid lizards. Zootaxa 2549: 1–30 - get paper here
  • Müller, L. & Hellmich, W. 1933. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Chiles. VII. Der Rassenkreis der Liolaemus nigromaculatus. Zool. Anz. 103: 128-142
  • Müller, Lorenz & Hellmich, Walter 1933. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Herpetofauna Chiles. VI. Über einige Liolaemus - Arten des Berliner Naturkundlichen Museums. Zool. Anz. 101 (5/6): 121-134
  • Núñez,H.; Schulte, J.A. & Garín, C. 2001. Liolaemus josephorum, nueva especie de lagartija para el Norte de Chile. Bol. Mus. Nac.Hist. Nat. 50: 91-107
  • Ortiz, J. C. 1981. Estudios multivariado de las especies de Liolaemus del grupo nigromaculatus (Squamata-Iguanidae). Anales del museo de historia natural, Valparaiso 14: 247-265
  • Panzera A, Leaché AD, D’Elía G, Victoriano PF. 2017. Phylogenomic analysis of the Chilean clade of Liolaemus lizards (Squamata: Liolaemidae) based on sequence capture data. PeerJ 5:e3941 - get paper here
  • Ruiz De Gamboa, Margarita 2016. Lista actualizada de los reptiles de Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 7-12. PDF - get paper here
  • SCHULTE II, JAMES A.; J. ROBERT MACEY, ROBERT E. ESPINOZA AND ALLAN LARSON 2000. Phylogenetic relationships in the iguanid lizard genus Liolaemus: multiple origins of viviparous reproduction and evidence for recurring Andean vicariance and dispersal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 69: 75–102 - get paper here
  • Simonetti Z., J.;Ortiz, J. C. 1980. Dominio en Liolaemus kuhlmanni (Reptilia: Iguanidae). Anales del museo de historia natural 13: 167-172
  • Troncoso-Palacios J, Elorza AA, Puas GI, Alfaro-Pardo E 2016. A new species of Liolaemus related to L. nigroviridis from the Andean highlands of Central Chile (Iguania, Liolaemidae). ZooKeys 555: 91-114, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.555.6011 - get paper here
  • Troncoso-Palacios J, Garin CF 2013. On the identity of Liolaemus nigromaculatus Wiegmann, 1834 (Iguania, Liolaemidae) and correction of its type locality. ZooKeys 294: 37–56 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2009. Auf den Spuren von Darwin durch Südamerika Teil 3: Vom kalten Regenwald in die trockenste Wüste. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (80): 52-63 - get paper here
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