Liotyphlops schubarti VANZOLINI, 1948
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Liotyphlops schubarti?
|Higher Taxa||Anomalepididae, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Sao Paulo Blind Snake|
|Synonym||Liotyphlops schubarti VANZOLINI 1948: 379|
Liotyphlops schubarti — DIXON & KOFRON 1984: 254
Liotyphlops schubarti — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 51
Liotyphlops schubarti — FREIRE et al. 2007
Liotyphlops schubarti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 397
Liotyphlops schubarti — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019
|Distribution||Brazil (Sao Paulo)|
Type locality: Cachõeira de Emas, São Paulo, Brazil.
|Types||Holotype: MZUSP 2595, 2665|
|Diagnosis||Description: “We have examined the holotype and three additional specimens of L. schubarti from Emas and Sapucaí, São Paulo, Brazil. All gazetteers indicate the latter locality as a river, therefore we are unable to determine a more precise locality. The four specimens of L. schubarti are very similar to L. beui from São Paulo in total lengths, dorsals, scales around body and in head scale arrangements, but with one significant difference; whereas beui has the second supralabial in broad contact with the posterior end of the nasal scale, schubarti has an extra scale (stippled in fig. 3) (perhaps vertically divided nasal?) inserted between the second supralabial and the nasal. The nasal scale of L. schubarti appears to be much shorter anteroposteriorly than in L. beui, and without close examination one would easily place L. schubarti with L. beui. The dorsals of Liotyphlops schubarti vary from 372-387 (X = 378.7), and this overlaps slightly with beui, which has 384-464 dorsals. Scales around the body are 22(4) anteriorly, 20(3) or 21(1) at midbody, and 20(4) posteriorly, which are within the range of L. beui. (Dixon & Kofron 1984) |
Comment: The head scale arrangement of L. schubarti may be an occasional variant of L. beui. The arrangement of the head scales on the right side of the head of the holotype is like that of L. beui. The number of dorsals is certainly not diagnostic considering the variation expressed in other species with greater number of specimens available. However, specimens of L. beui have not been found at Emas or Sapucaí, nor has the particular head scale arrangement of L. schubarti been found in a sample of 47 L. beui from the vicinity of the city of São Paulo. We hesitate placing L. schubarti into the synonomy of L. beui until additional material of L. schubarti becomes available from the vicinity of the type locality of the latter, or that the particular head scale arrangement of L. schubarti begins to appear in larger samples of L. beui from the vicinity of the city of São Paulo.” (Dixon & Kofron 1984)
|Etymology||Named after Dr. Otto Schubart, a German biologist who emigrated to Brazil (1934).|
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