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Liotyphlops trefauti FREIRE, CARAMASCHI & SUZART ARGÔLO, 2007

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Higher TaxaAnomalepididae, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesPortuguese: Cobra-Cega, Minhoca 
SynonymLiotyphlops trefauti FREIRE, CARAMASCHI, SUZART ARGÔLO 2007
Liotyphlops trefauti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 398
Liotyphlops trefauti — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionNE Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Pernambuco), 50-640 m elevation

Type locality: Fazenda Bananeira, Municipality of Murici (9°14’S, 35°48’W, 640 m elevation), State of Alagoas, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 12178, male, on 04 November 1994 by E. M. X. Freire. Paratype: (n=1) MZUSP 12179, female, collected at Regional Center of the CEPLAC (Comissão Executiva do Plano da Lavoura Cacaueira), Municipality of Ilhéus (14°46’S, 39°13’W; 50 m elevation), State of Bahia, Brazil, on 29 January 1992, by C. Jared, M. Antoniazzi, and L. Ferreira. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Liotyphlops trefauti sp. nov. is distinguished from all other species of the genus by the following combinations of characters: (1) four scales contacting the posterior edge of prefrontal; (2) one scale contacting the posterior edge of nasal, between the second supralabial and the prefrontal; (3) five scales in the
first vertical row of lateral head scales; (4) 22-22-22 scales around body; (5) 520–543 dorsal scales; (6) 499–532 ventral scales; (7) absence of eye spot; (8) dorsal and ventral color bright yellowish to reddish brown. 
EtymologyNamed after Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Brazilian herpetologist. 
  • Abegg, Arthur Diesel; Marco Antonio de Freitas, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2017. New records of Liotyphlops trefauti Freire, Caramaschi & Argôlo, 2007 (Squamata: Anomalepididae). Herpetology Notes 10: 345-347 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Dixon J R; Kofron C P 1984. The Central and South American anomalepid snakes of the genus Liotyphlops. Amphibia-Reptilia 4 (2-4): 241-264 [1983] - get paper here
  • Dubeux, M. J. M., Araújo Neto, J. V. D., Triburcio, I. C. S., Lisboa, B. S., Torquato, S., Freitas, M. A. D., ... & Mott, T. 2022. A “hotspot” within a hotspot: the reptiles of the Estação Ecológica and Área de Proteção Ambiental de Murici, Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 22: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Entiauspe-Neto, Omar M, Francisco L Franco, Claudia Koch, Arthur Tiutenko, Juliana M Wingert, and Márcio Borges-Martins. 2023. More than Meets No Eyes: Taxonomic Status of a Liotyphlops Peters, 1881 (Serpentes: Anomalepididae) Blindsnake from the Atlantic Rainforest. Zoologischer Anzeiger 303: 10–25 - get paper here
  • FREIRE, E.M.X.; U. CARAMASCHI & A.J.S. ARGOLO 2007. A new species of Liotyphlops (Serpentes: Anomalepididae) from the Atlantic Rain Forest of Northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 1393: 19-26 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Marra-Santos, Fidélis Júnio and Roberto E. Reis 2018. Two New Blind Snake Species of the Genus Liotyphlops (Serpentes: Anomalepididae), from Central and South Brazil. Copeia 106 (3): 507-514 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Silva Haad, J.J., Franco, F.L. & Maldonado, J. 2008. Una nueva especie de Liotyphlops Peters, 1881 (Serpentes, Scolecophidia, Anomalepidae) del sur de la Amazonia Colombiana. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 295 - 300
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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