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Lipinia noctua (LESSON, 1830)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesMoth Skink 
SynonymScincus noctua LESSON 1830: 48
Lygosoma vertebrale HALLOWELL 1861: 487
Euprepes novarae STEINDACHNER 1867
Lygosoma (Lipinia) aurea MEYER 1874
Lygosoma (Mocoa) noctua var. ternatensis PETERS & DORIA 1878: 347
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) subnitens BOETTGER 1896
Lygosoma miotis BOULENGER 1895: 29
Lygosoma noctua — BOULENGER 1897: 307
Leilopisma noctua — STEJNEGER 1899
Lygosoma (Liolepisma) carolinarum WERNER 1909: 63 ?
Lygosoma (Liolepisma) noctua — STERNFELD 1918: 401
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) noctua — SMITH 1937: 224
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) miotis — SMITH 1937: 225
Lipinia noctua — GREER 1974: 11
Lipinia noctua — MYS 1988: 140
Lipinia noctua — CROTHER 2000
Lipinia noctua — DAS & AUSTIN 2007 
Distributioncosmopolitan Pacific species occurring from Sulawesi eastward across N Papua New Guinea through the Solomons and Vanuatu (Santo, Malo, Aore, Pentecost, Malakula, Ambrym, Epi, Efate, Tanna, and Anatom) to Tuamotu Archipelago and Marquesas Islnds and northward to Hawaii (USA);
Indonesia: Maluku and Papua Province
Fiji Islands (most islands), Tuamoto Atoll, Nukutipipi Atoll,
Western Samoa, Admirality Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, Tonga, Toga, Linua, Tegua, Hiu Islands, Cook Islands (Roratonga), Micronesia (Lukunor Atoll)
Guam (G. Rodda, pers. comm., 13 March 2016)

Type locality: Kosrae, Caroline Islands. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionSome diagnostic differences involve their mode of reproduction. L. rouxi is oviparous, whereas noctua is ovoviviparous. In addition, rouxi has lost the left oviduct and thus lays only one egg, while both oviducts are functioning in noctua (GREER & MYS 1987). 
TypesHolotype: apparently lost (BRYGOO 1985) but validly represented by a published figure. 
CommentSynonymy: Lipinia rouxi has been previously synonymized with L. noctua by ZWEIFEL (1979). Lygosoma (Liolepisma) carolinarum WERNER 1909 is probably a synonym of L. noctua (fide G. Zug, pers. comm. 17 Nov 2014).

Habitat: arboreal, but not as a good climber as Lamprolepis smaragdina. 
References
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • Austin, Christopher C. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships of Lipinia (Scincidae) from New Guinea based on DNA sequence variation from the mitochondrial 12S rRNA and Nuclear C-MOS genes. Hamadryad 23 (2): 93-102. - get paper here
  • Austin,C.C. 1999. Lizards took express train to Polynesia. Nature 397: 113-114 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boettger,O. 1896. Reptilien und Batrachier aus Deutsch-Neu-Guinea. Abhandl. Ber. K. Zool. Anthrop.-Ethnol. Mus. Dresden 6 (7): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Ferguson Island, D'Entrecasteaux group British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 16: 28-32 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1897. On the reptiles of Rotuma Island, Polynesia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 20: 306-307 - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E.R. 1985. Les types des scincidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (4e sér.) 7 (sect. A 3), suppl.: 1-126
  • Buden, Donald W. 2015. Reptiles of Lukunor Atoll, Mortlock Islands, Chuuk State, Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Science 69 (1):117–124 doi:10.2984/69.1.9
  • Buden, Donald W. & Danko Taboroši 2016. Reptiles of the Federated States of Micronesia. Island Research and Education Initiative, 311 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Austin, C.C. 2007. New Species of Lipinia (Squamata: Scincidae) from Borneo, Revealed by Molecular and Morphological Data. Journal of Herpetology 41 (1): 61 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Gill B J. 1993. The Land Reptiles of Western Samoa. Journal of the Royal Society Of New Zealand 23 (2): 79-89.
  • Hallowell, E. 1861. Report upon the Reptilia of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under command of Capt. John Rogers, U. S. N. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12 [1860]: 480 - 510 - get paper here
  • Heatwole, H. 1975. Biogeography of reptiles on some of the islands and cays of Eastern Papua-New Guinea. Atoll Research Bulletin (180): 1-41
  • Ineich I 1990. Lipinia noctua (moth skink). Herpetological Review 21 (2): 41 - get paper here
  • Ineich, I. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles. In: Bouchet P., Le Guyader H. & PascaL O. (eds), The Natural History of Santo. pp. 187-236. MNhN, Paris; Ird, Marseille; PNI, Paris. 572 pp. (Patrimoines naturels; 70).
  • INEICH, Ivan 2009. The terrestrial herpetofauna of Torres and Banks Groups (northern Vanuatu), with report of a new species for Vanuatu. Zootaxa 2198: 1-15 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2011. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi: Underestimated Diversity in a Dynamic Environment. In: F.E. Zachos and J.C. Habel (eds.), Biodiversity Hotspots. Springer, Berlin, p. 383-404
  • Koch, A. 2012. Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its offshore islands. Edition Chimaira, 374 pp. [ISBN 978-3-89973-432-4] - get paper here
  • Koch, André; Arida, Evy; Riyanto, Awal & Böhme, Wolfgang 2009. Islands between the realms: A revised checklist of the herpetofauna of the Talaud archipelago, Indonesia, with a discussion about its biogeographic affinities. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56 (1/2): 107-129 [2007] - get paper here
  • Lesson, R.P. 1826. Reptile plates 3 and 4. In: Atlas de Zoologie, Voyage autour de monde, exécuté (part.) ordre du Roi, sur la Corvette de sa Majesté, La Coquille, pendant les années 1822-1825. Arthus Bertrand, Paris. - get paper here
  • Lesson, R.P. 1830. Description de quelques reptiles nouveaux ou peu connus. In: M.L.I. Duperrey, Voyage Autour du Monde Execute par Ordre du Roi, sur la Corvette de La Majeste, La Coquille, exécuté Pendant les Annees 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825. 2. Zoologie 2 (1). Arthur Bertrand, Paris: 1-65 - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Mckeown, Sean 1996. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians in the Hawaiian Islands. Diamond Head Publishing, Inc., Los Osos, CA,
  • Meyer, A.B. 1874. Übersicht über die von mir auf Neu-Guinea und den Inseln Jobi, Mysore und Mafoor im Jahre 1873 gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1874: 128-140 - get paper here
  • Morrison, C. 2003. A Field Guide to the Herpetofauna of Fiji. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Applied Sciences, University of the South Pacific, 121 pp.
  • O’Shaughnessy, A. W. E. 1873. Herpetological notes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 12: 44-48 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig and G. Doria. 1878. Catalogo dei retilli e dei batraci raccolti da O. Beccari, L. M. D'Alberts e A. A. Bruijn. nella sotto-regione Austro-Malese. Annali del Museo Civico de Storia Naturale di Genova. ser. 1, 13: 323-450 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1899. The land reptiles of the Hawaiian Islands. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 21:783-813 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1918. Zur Tiergeographie Papuasiens und der pazifischen Inselwelt. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 36: 375-436 - get paper here
  • Zug, G. R., I. Ineich, G. Pregill, and A. M. Hamilton. 2012. Lizards of Tonga and a description of a new Tongan treeskink (Squamata: Scincidae: Emoia samoensis Group). Pacific Science 66(2):225-237 - get paper here
  • ZUG, GEORGE R.; ALISON M. HAMILTON & CHRISTOPHER C. AUSTIN 2011. A new Emoia samoensis group lizard (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Cook Islands, South-central Pacific. Zootaxa 2765: 47–57 - get paper here
  • Zug,G. R. 1991. The lizards of Fiji: Natural history and systematics. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. 2: 1-136
  • Zweifel R G 1979. Variation in the scincid lizard Lipinia noctua and notes on other Lipinia from the New Guinea region. American Museum Novitates (2676): 1-21 - get paper here
  • Zweifel R G 1980. Results of the Archbold Expeditions, No. 103. Frogs and lizards from the Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 165 (5) : 390-434
 
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