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Lipinia pulchella (GRAY, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Lipinia pulchella - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLipinia pulchella levitoni (BROWN & ALCALA 1963)
Lipinia pulchella pulchella (GRAY 1845)
Lipinia pulchella taylori (BROWN & ALCALA 1956) 
Common NamesBeautifulLipinia 
SynonymLygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchellum GRAY 1845: 84
Leiolopisma pulchellum grande TAYLOR 1917: 374
Leiolopisma pulchellum — TAYLOR 1922: 212
Leiolopisma pulchellum grande — TAYLOR 1922: 214
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchellum — SMITH 1937: 224
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) pulchellum — BROWN & ALCALA 1956: 7
Lipinia pulchella — GREER 1974: 11
Lipinia pulchella — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 93
Lipinia pulchella — DAS & AUSTIN 2007
Lipinia pulchella pulchellai — BINADAY et al. 2017

Lipinia pulchella taylori (BROWN & ALCALA 1956)
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) puchellum taylori BROWN & ALCALA 1956: 8
Lipinia pulchella taylori GRAY — BROWN et al. 1996
Lipinia pulchella taylori — GAULKE 2011: 204 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon, Mindanao, Negros, Bohol, Pollillo, Panay, Masbate)

grande: Mount Canlaon

levitoni: Philippines;

taylori: Philippines (Negros, Panay, Luzon ?); Type locality: “Mount Canlaon, Negros Island”, Philippines.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH
Holotype: FMNH 120953 [levitoni]
Holotype: CM 2202 [taylori] 
Diagnosis 
CommentType Species: Lygosoma pulchellum GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Lipinia. Members of the genus are characterized by the following suite of characters: small body size(SVL to 58 mm); lower eyelid with a clear window (except in Lipinia leptosoma); auricular lobules absent; body scales smooth; longitudinal scale rows at midbody # 28; basal subdigital lamellae expanded (slightly in some taxa);postorbital absent; vomers fused; pterygoid teeth absent; dorsal color pattern typicallycomprising a pale (rarely dark) middorsal stripe at least anteriorly; visceral fat bodies absent (except in Lipinia noctua); brood size of two (exceptionally one, as in Lipinia rouxi) (Das andGreer, 2002).

Synonymy: the status of Leiolopisma pulchellum grande is unclear.

external ear opening present; 51–58 longitudinal scales between parietals and tail base; 22–26 midbody scale rows; and 24–31 lamellae under toe IV (from DAS & AUSTIN 2007). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “pulchella” = pretty. 
References
  • Binaday, Jake Wilson B.; Ace Kevin S. Amarga, Ernesto S. Barrameda Jr., and Bobet Jan M. Bonagua 2017. Amphibians and Reptiles in the Vicinity of Bulusan Lake, Bulusan Volcano Natural Park, Sorsogon, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science 146 (3): 339-351
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. On the reptiles and batrachians of the Solomon Islands. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 12: 35-62
  • Brown, Rafe M.; Ferner, John W.; Sison, Rogelio V.; Gonzales, Pedro C.; Kennedy, Robert S. 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of the Zambales Mountains of Luzon Island, Republic of the Philippines. Herpetological Natural History 4 (1): 1-22
  • Brown, W.C. & ALCALA,A.C. 1956. A review of the Philippine lizards of the genus Lygosoma (Leiolopisma). Occas. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Stanford Univ. (3): 1-10
  • Brown, W.C. & ALCALA,A.C. 1963. Addition to the leiolopismid lizards known from the Philippines, with description of a new species and subspecies. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 76: 69-80 - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Brown,R.M.; McGuire, J.A.; Ferner,J.W.; Icarangal Jr., N. & Kennedy, R.S. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Luzon island, II: preliminary report on the herptofauna of Aurora Memorial national Park, Philippines. Hamadryad 25 (2): 175-195
  • Das, I. & Austin, C.C. 2007. New Species of Lipinia (Squamata: Scincidae) from Borneo, Revealed by Molecular and Morphological Data. Journal of Herpetology 41 (1): 61 - get paper here
  • Ferner, John W., Rafe M. Brown, Rogelio V. Sison and Robert S. Kennedy 2000. The amphibians and reptiles of Panay Island, Philippines. Asiatic Herpetological Research 9: 1-37 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. 2011. The herpetofauna of Panay Island, Philippines. Edition Chimaira, 390 pp.
  • Gojo-Cruz, Paul Henric P. and Leticia E. Afuang 2018. The Zoogeographic Significance of Caraballo Mountain Range, Luzon Island, Philippines With Focus on the Biogeography of Luzon’s Herpetofauna Philippine Journal of Science 147 (3): 393-409 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Lagat, R.D. 2009. A TAXONOMIC ACCOUNT OF LIZARDS ALONG ESTABLISHED TRAILS IN MTS. PALAY-PALAY MATAAS-NA-GULOD PROTECTED LANDSCAPE, LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology 3: 17-28
  • Relox, Richel E.; Emmanuel P. Leańo, and Fritzie B. Ates-Camino 2011. Herpetofaunal Endemism And Diversity in Tropical Forests of Mt. Hamiguitan in the Philippines. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (1): 107−113 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
 
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