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Lycodon effraenis CANTOR, 1847

IUCN Red List - Lycodon effraenis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Brown Wolf Snake
G: Braune Wolfszahnnatter 
SynonymLycodon effrænis CANTOR 1847: 917
Tetragonosoma effrene — GÜNTHER 1858
Tetragonosoma effrene — STOLICZKA 1870: 108
Tetragonosoma effrene — STOLICZKA 1870: 203
Lycodon effrenis — BOULENGER 1890
Lycodon effrenis — BOULENGER 1892: 74
Lycodon effrenis — BOULENGER 1893: 356
Lycodon effraenis — TWEEDIE 1954
Lycodon effraensis (sic) — GROSSMANN 1989
Lycodon effraenis — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 362
Lycodon effraenis — COX et al. 1998: 62
Lycodon effraenis — LANZA 1999
Lycodon effraenis — GOWER et al. 2012: 125
Lycodon effraenis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 393 
DistributionPenang Island,
Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia incl. Pulau Tioman),
Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo),
Thailand (Nakhon Si Thammarat)

Type locality: Great Hill of Pinang, Pinang Island [West Malaysia] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.13.84, a 318 mm specimen (W. Norris). 
CommentThe Lycodon effraenis reported from Pulau Tioman in MANTHEY & GROSSMANN (1997) was most likely a Lepturophis albofuscus (fide HIEN et al. 2001). 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1892. On newly-discoverded East African chameleons, with remarks on some other reptiles described by Dr. Steindachner. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 9: 72. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor. T. E. 1847. Catalogue of reptiles inhabiting the Malayan Peninsula and Islands. J Asiat. Soc., Bengal, Calcutta. 16 (2): 607 - 656, 897-952, 1026 - 1078 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Daltry, J.C. & Wüster, W. 2002. A new species of Wolf Snake (Serpentes: Colubridae: Lycodon) from the Cardamom Mountains, Southwestern Cambodia. Herpetologica 58 (4): 498-504 - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; EVAN S.H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR M.S,, MOHD ABDUL MUIN, PERRY L. WOOD, JR & SITI AZIZAH MOHD NOR 2014. A diminutive new species of cave-dwelling Wolf Snake (Colubridae: Lycodon Boie, 1826) from Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 3815 (1): 051–067
  • Grismer, L.L., McGuire, J.A.; Sosa, R. & Kaiser, H. 2002. Revised checklist and comments on the terrestrial herpetofauna of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 26-29 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, W. 1989. Das Portrait: Lycodon effraensis CANTOR. Sauria 11 (4): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Hien,P. Grossmann,W. & Schäfer, C. 2001. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der landbewohnenden Reptilienfauna von Pulau Tioman, West-Malaysia. Sauria 23 (4): 11-28 - get paper here
  • Lanza,B. 1999. A new species of Lycodon from the Philippines, with a key to the genus (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae). Tropical Zoology 12: 89-104 - get paper here
  • Lim, K.K.P. & Ng, H.H. 1999. The terrestrial herpetofauna of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 6: 131-155 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 134-228. - get paper here
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations of some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia (abstract). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 6: 105-109 - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Tweedie, M.W.F. 1950. Notes on Malayan reptiles, No.2. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 23: 191-199
  • Tweedie, M.W.F. 1954. Notes on Malayan reptiles, No.3. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 25: 107-117
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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