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Lycodon hypsirhinoides (THEOBALD, 1868)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymTytleria hypsirhinoides THEOBALD 1868
Lycodon hypsirhinoides — VOGEL & HARIKRISHNAN 2013 
DistributionIndia (Andaman Islands)

Type locality: ‘Andamans, in the Bay of Bengal’  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZSI 8145 
CommentSynonymy: Tytleria hypsirhinoides was synonymized with Lycodon aulicus (including L. capucinus), by Theobald in 1876. Since then, it was treated as a subjective synonym of Lycodon aulicus or later Lycodon capucinus by others (Boulenger, 1893; Smith 1943, Wallach et al. 2013: 392, WALLACH et al. 2014: 400) without being discussed. VOGEL & HARIKRISHNAN 2013 revalidated the species.

Diagnosis: A relatively large species of Lycodon (max. total length 717 mm) with stout body; juveniles with a speckled brown/white pattern on body and a dark brown head with white collar; adults uniform dark brown; collar band absent or very faint in younger specimens; body scales in 17:17:15, ventrals 188–210, divided anal, subcaudals 61–75 [from VOGEL & HARIKRISHNAN 2013]. 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the type, R. C. Tytler. 
References
  • Das, INDRANEIL, BASUDEB DATTAGUPTA and NEMAI CHARAN GAYEN. 1998. History and catalogue of reptile types in the collection of the Zoological Survey of India. J. south Asian nat. Hist. 3 (2): 121-172
  • Theobald, WILLIAM 1868. Catalogue of reptiles in the Museum of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 37 (extra number 146): (2), vi, 7-88 - get paper here
  • Vogel, G. & S. Harikrishnan 2013. Revalidation of Lycodon hypsirhinoides (Theobald, 1868) from Andaman islands (Squamata: Serpentes: Colubridae). Taprobanica 5 (1): 19-31 - get paper here
  • Vogel, Gernot 2014. Die Andamanen – Ein wenig bekanntes Tierparadies. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (6): 44-55 - get paper here
 
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