Lycodon jara (SHAW, 1802)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Lycodon jara?
|Higher Taxa||Colubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Twin-spotted Wolf Snake|
|Synonym||Coluber jara SHAW 1802: 525|
Lycodon jara — STOLICZKA 1871
Lycophidion bipunctatum PETERS 1863: 403
Leptorhytaon jara — THEOBALD 1868: 62
Lycodon jara — BOULENGER 1893: 350
Ophites jara — WALL 1923
Lycodon jara — SMITH 1943: 260
Lycodon jara — LANZA 1999
Lycodon odishii MALLIK et al. 2014
Lycodon jara — WALLACH et al. 2014: 394
|Distribution||India (Assam, Ganjam, Arunachal Pradesh: Chessa, Itanagar, Papum Pare district, Uttar Pradesh: Dehra Dun – S. Mukherjee, pers. comm., A. Captain, pers. comm.), Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar|
odishii: India (Odisha, West Bengal, Assam), Nepal; Type locality: Jail Training School, Lanj ipalli, Industrial Estate, Berhampur, Odisha, India (19°18'06.1" N 84°48'53.7" E). Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Reproduction||Oviparous. A gravid female laid 3 eggs on 09.07.2013. Eggs were elongated and capsule shaped on laying and elongated elliptical before hatching. The egg sizes were 27 x 8.5 mm, 24 x 8.5 mm, and 27 x 7.5 mm (as reported for L. odishii).<br /><br />Hatching. First hatchling was seen on 12.08.2013 in the morning 5:30 a.m. after 34 days and the other 2 eggs hatched on 13.8.2013, i.e., the 35th day of laying. The total body lengths of hatchlings were 128, 141, and 146 mm (as reported for L. odishii).|
|Types||Lectotype: described and illustrated in P. Russell (1796: 19–20, pl. 14), fide WALLACH et al. 2014: 402.|
Holotype: ZMB 4886 [Lycophidion bipunctatum PETERS 1863]
Holotype: ZSI 25992, Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Kolkata, India; male [odishii]
Paratypes. ZSI 25993, Female, Juvenile from Bali Kalua Temple, Aska Road, Sarguna Sahi, Berhampur, Odisha, India (19°19'21.1" N 84°46'30.8" E) and ZSI 25994, hatchling (sex undetermined) from (19°18'06.7" N 84°48'54.3" E). Another two paratypes RMNH/BBSR 175, RMNH/BBSR 176 were collected from Jail Training School, Berhampur (19°18'06.7" N and 84°48'54.3" E) and deposited in the Regional Museum of Natural History, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. The RMNH/BBSR 175 was the mother of ZSI 25993 and RMNH/BBSR 176 [odishii]
|Comment||Distribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). See map in Chaudhuri et al. 2015: Fig. 7.|
Synonymy: L. odishii has been synonymized with Lycodon jara by Chaudhuri et al. 2015. L. jara was said to have no collar in adults or juveniles while L. odishii has.
Diet: Skinks and geckos.
|Etymology||L. odishii was named after the famous classical dance form native to Odisha, i.e., "Odissi." The costumes of Odissi dance is typical and makes the dancer look more elegant and graceful. The twin yellow speckles with a white collar and yellow blotches symbolize the beauty of the Odissi dance.|
The common name, Subhendu's Wolf Snake (eng.) dignifies the efforts of Subhendu Mallik, Honorary Wildlife Warden, Khordha, Department of Forest and Environment, Government of Odisha; an amateur herpetologist, who successfully Wlited the snake rescuers of the state of Odisha and spreading the awareness campaign among public on snakes and snakebite through his organization Snake Helpline, despite near fatal venomous snakebite on 5 occasions.
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