Lycodon multifasciatus (MAKI, 1931)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Lycodon multifasciatus?
|Higher Taxa||Colubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Synonym||Dinodon septentrionale multifasciatum MAKI 1931: 128|
Lycodon ruhstrati multifasciatus — MORI 1984
Lycodon ruhstrati multifasciatus — GORIS & MAEDA 2004: 236
Lycodon multifasciatus — VOGEL & BRACHTEL 2008
Lycodon multifasciatus — VOGEL et al. 2009
Lycodon multifasciatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 395
|Distribution||Japan (Ryukyu Islands: Yaeyama group (Iriomotejima and Ishigakijima) and Miyako group (Miyakojima)).|
Type locality: Type locality. “Ishigaki-Oshima, Loo Choo Islands”, now Ishigaki-jima, Yaeyama Islands, Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan.
|Types||Holotype: KIU “a” (adult female), College of Science, Kyoto Imperial University. Collected by S. Nishiishigaki, April 1929. Now NSMT H02643, fide TORIBA 1993.|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. A species of the genus Lycodon, characterized by: (1) a loreal not touching the orbit; (2) 17 dorsal scale rows at the forepart of the body and at midbody; (3) upper dorsal and vertebral rows keeled; (4) 232-237 ventrals in males and 229-235 in females; (5) 115-119 Sc in males and 106117 in females; (6) relative tail length about 0.25 (Mori 1984) in males and about 0.244 (type) in females; (7) 54-80 dark bands on a light body; (8) the first band starting at about Ve 7. This species can be recognized by its pattern, which rather looks like dark rings on a light background rather than the dark background with light rings in other species. It also differs by the number of rings on body (54-80 vs less than 46 in all other species). It has keeled dorsal rows and a higher number of ventral scales than all other species of this complex (229-237, all other species have 228 scales or less). Maxillary teeth are unknown. For a detailed comparisons with other species of Lycodon see Discussion in VOGEL et al. 2009.|
|Comment||L. (r.) multifasciatus is classified as “near threatened” in Japan (Ota 2000).|
|Etymology||Etymology. This specific name is based on the Latin adjectives multus, meaning “many” or “numerous”, and “fasciatus”, banded, due to the high number of dorsal bands in this taxon.|