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Lycodon paucifasciatus RENDAHL in SMITH, 1943

IUCN Red List - Lycodon paucifasciatus - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesRendahl's Wolf Snake 
SynonymLycodon paucifasciatus RENDAHL in SMITH 1943: 267
Lycodon paucifasciatus — LANZA 1999: 96
Lycodon paucifasciatus — VOGEL et al. 2009
Lycodon paucifasciatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 395 
DistributionC Vietnam (Thua Thien-Hu [Thua Luu] and Quang Binh Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park)

Type locality: “Thua Lun, Annam, 50 km south of Hué”, now Thua Luu, Thua Thien – Hué Province, Central Vietnam. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: NRM (NHRM) 3095, adult, sex not determined. Collected by B. Björkegren, July 1938-April 1939. 
CommentThe description of this species was first published in SMITH’s book who ascribed it to RENDAHL, who in turn had described it in a letter to SMITH.

In Ziegler et al. (2004: 34), ZFMK numbers of Lycodon cf. paucifasciatus and Dinodon cf. rufozonatum were interchanged. In addition, in that same publication, fig. 44 depicts Lycodon paucifasciatus, but it was interchanged in the pdf file of that paper with fig. 43.

Diagnosis. A species of the genus Lycodon, characterized by: (1) loreal not entering orbit; (2) 19 dorsal scale rows on the forepart of the body and 17 or 19 rows at midbody; (3) upper dorsal scale row or two upper rows plus vertebral row distinctly keeled; (4) 14-25 bands on body; (5) first band starting at Ven 10-15; (6) upper maxillary teeth: 6 + 3-4 + 2. This species can mostly be recognized by the higher number of dorsal rows on the first third of the body, namely 19 vs 17 in other species treated here, and by the lower number of dorsal bands.

Behavior: nocturnal. 
EtymologyThis specific name is based on the Latin adjectives paucus, meaning “few” or “little”, and “fasciatus”, banded, due to the low number of dorsal bands of the holotype.  
References
  • Lanza,B. 1999. A new species of Lycodon from the Philippines, with a key to the genus (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae). Tropical Zoology 12: 89-104 - get paper here
  • NEANG, THY; TIMO HARTMANN, SEIHA HUN, NICHOLAS J. SOUTER & NEIL M. FUREY 2014. A new species of wolf snake (Colubridae: Lycodon Fitzinger, 1826) from Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary, Cardamom Mountains, southwest Cambodia. Zootaxa 3814 (1): 068–080
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Vogel, G., T. Q. Nguyen, P. Kingsada & T. Ziegler 2012. A new species of the genus Lycodon BOIE, 1826 from Laos (Squamata: Colubridae). North-Western Journal of Zoology, 8: 344-352 - get paper here
  • Vogel, G.; David, P.; Pauwels, O.S.G.; Sumontha, M.; Norval, G.; Hendrix, R.; Vu, N.T. & Ziegler, T. 2009. A revision of Lycodon ruhstrati (Fischer 1886) auctorum (Squamata Colubridae), with the description of a new species from Thailand and a new subspecies from the Asian mainland. Tropical Zoology 22: 131-182 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • ZIEGLER, THOMAS; RALF HENDRIX, VU NGOC THANH, MARTINA VOGT, BERNHARD FORSTER & DANG NGOC KIEN 2007. The diversity of a snake community in a karst forest ecosystem in the central Truong Son, Vietnam, with an identification key. Zootaxa 1493: 1-40 - get paper here
 
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