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Lygisaurus parrhasius (COUPER, COVACEVICH & LETHBRIDGE, 1994)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesFire-tailed Rainbow-skink 
SynonymCarlia parrhasius COUPER, COVACEVICH & LETHBRIDGE 1994
Carlia parrhasius — COGGER 2000: 749
Carlia parrhasius — COUPER et al. 2006
Lygisaurus parrhasius — DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality:

Type locality: Azure Creek, at 140+/-20m, Glennie Tableland, Cape York Peninsula, 12° 21.96' S, 142° 56.71 'E, ~250m elevation. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: QM J57868, FNEQ, P.J. Lethbridge & J.W. Winter, 25 Apr 1993.
PARATYPES: QMJ57867, QMJ57869, 24 Apr 1993. Other collection details as for holotype. 
CommentNot listed by COGGER 198. Not listed in FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 180.

DIAGNOSIS: Body black and white striped with fire-red tail is a unique colour pattern in Carlia. Dorsal scales with weak carinations made up of a series of points, and long, acute ear lobules are shared with 2 (of ) species restricted to rock habitats (c. rimula, C. scirtetis) which also have distinct colour patterns (Ingram & Covacevich, 1989), but bear no resemblance to C. parrhasius. 
EtymologyFor the Greek artist, Parrhasius, a master of deception through his work. 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P J; Covacevich J A; Lethbridge P J 1994. Carlia parrhasius, a new Queensland skink. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 35 (1): 31-33
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Dolman, Gaynor & Andrew F. Hugall 2008. Combined mitochondrial and nuclear data enhance resolution of a rapid radiation of Australian rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 782-794 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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