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Lygodactylus klemmeri PASTEUR, 1965

IUCN Red List - Lygodactylus klemmeri - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Malagasy dwarf gecko 
SynonymLygodactylus klemmeri PASTEUR 1965 (1964)
Lygodactylus klemmeri — KLUGE 1993
Lygodactylus klemmeri — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 282
Lygodactylus (Lygodactylus) praecox PASTEUR 1995
Lygodactylus (Lygodactylus) praecox — RÖSLER 2000: 94
Lygodactylus (Lygodactylus) klemmeri — RÖSLER 2000: 93
Lygodactylus klemmeri — RÖLL et al. 2010
Lygodactylus praecox — PYRON & BURBRINK 2013 
DistributionMadagascar

Type locality: Forest of Antsingy, between Maintirano and Morafenobe, NW Madagascar.

praecox: CW Madagascar; Type locality: Atsingy (CW Madagascar) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 1950.259
Holotype: MNHN 1990.48 [praecox] 
CommentPASTEUR’s paper was published only in 1965 although the journal was labeled “1964”.

Diagnosis. Lygodactylus klemmeri is characterized as a member of the L. verticillatus group as defined above by its clearly whorled tail. It is distinguished from L. arnoulti, L. decaryi and L. verticillatus by having distinct diagonal black stripes on the throat (vs. no black lines on throat). L. blancae and L. heterurus also show black lines on throat, but these are only present in some specimens and then rather diffuse in L. blancae (vs. always present and very distinct in L. klemmeri), and they are longitudinal, following the body axis, in L. heterurus (vs. slightly diagonal, directed towards the center of the throat in L. klemmeri). Furthermore, in L. klemmeri, the ground colour of the throat is often at least slightly yellowish in life, whereas no ventral yellow colour is known from L. heterurus. Another species with black lines on the throat, here not assigned to the L. verticillatus group, is L. ornatus; in this species, the throat lines are transversal, and L. ornatus further differs by its non-whorled tail. L. klemmeri further differs from L. decaryi by a lower number of preanal pores in males (9 vs. 15).

Habitat: According to Pasteur (1964) this species is arboreal. 
EtymologyNamed after Konrad Klemmer, German herpetologist. 
References
  • BORA, PARFAIT; J. CHRISTIAN RANDRIANANTOANDRO, ROMA RANDRIANAVELONA, ELISOA F. HANTALALAINA, RAPHALI R. ANDRIANTSIMANARILAFY,<br />DANIEL RAKOTONDRAVONY, OLGA R. RAMILIJAONA, MIGUEL VENCES,<br />RICHARD K. B. JENKINS, FRANK GLAW, AND JÖRN KÖHLER 2009. AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF THE TSINGY DE BEMARAHA PLATEAU, WESTERN MADAGASCAR: CHECKLIST, BIOGEOGRAPHY AND CONSERVATION. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):111-125.
  • Gardner CJ, Raxworthy CJ, Metcalfe K, Raselimanana AP, Smith RJ, Davies ZG 2015. Comparing Methods for Prioritising Protected Areas for Investment: A Case Study Using Madagascar’s Dry Forest Reptiles. PLoS ONE 10(7): e0132803, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132803 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Krüger, Jens 2001. Die madagassischen Gekkoniden. Teil II: Die Geckos der Gattung Lygodactylus GRAY 1864 (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 3: 3-28
  • Pasteur G 1995. Biodiversite et reptiles: diagnoses de sept nouvelles especes fossiles et actuelles du genre de lezards Lygodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae). [includes L. succinarius, an extinct species]. DUMERILIA 2, Novembre 1995: 1-21
  • Pasteur, G. 1965. Notes préliminaires sur les lygodactyles (gekkonidés). IV. Diagnoses de quelques formes africaines et malgaches. Bulletin du Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 36:311-314 [1964]
  • Puente, Marta, Raselimanana, Achille P., Vences, Miguel 2005. Rediscovery and redescription of the Malagasy dwarf gecko Lygodactylus klemmeri. Zootaxa 1073: 31-35 - get paper here
  • PUENTE, MARTA; FRANK GLAW, DAVID R. VIEITES & MIGUEL VENCES 2009. Review of the systematics, morphology and distribution of Malagasy dwarf geckos, genera Lygodactylus and Microscalabotes (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2103: 1-76 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2013. Early origin of viviparity and multiple reversions to oviparity in squamate reptiles. Ecology Letters 17 (1): 13–21 (published online 2013, in print 2014), DOI: 10.1111/ele.12168 - get paper here
  • Röll, Beate; Heike Pröhl, Klaus-Peter Hoffmann 2010. Multigene phylogenetic analysis of Lygodactylus dwarf geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 327-335 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
 
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