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Lygodactylus mirabilis (PASTEUR, 1962)

IUCN Red List - Lygodactylus mirabilis - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymMillotisaurus mirabilis PASTEUR 1962
Millotisaurus mirabilis — KLUGE 1993
Millotisaurus mirabilis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 285
Millotisaurus mirabilis — RÖSLER 1995: 133
Lygodactylus (Millotisaurus) mirabilis — PASTEUR 1995
Lygodactylus (Millotisaurus) mirabilis — RÖSLER 2000: 93
Lygodactylus mirabilis — RÖLL et al. 2010 
DistributionMadagascar (Mount Tsiafajovona)

Type locality: Tsiafajavona, Madagascar, 2300 to 2500 m elevation Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 1966.1000; paratype: NMW 16905 
CommentThis species exists in two color variants: one with stripes and one with speckles; both have yellow bellies.

Diagnosis. A small species with an apparently rather short snout, endemic to high elevations on the Ankaratra Massif. Assigned to the L. mirabilis group based on its keeled dorsal scales and clear ocellated/striated polymorphism of the dorsal pattern. It differs from the other three species in the Lygodactylus mirabilis group by the absence of the first finger (present but without claw in L. intermedius and L. montanus, and present with claw in L. blanci). It further differs from L. intermedius by the absence of distinct dark spots on the throat (versus presence).

Habitat. Basic ecological and biological data are given and discussed by Pasteur (1962) and Vences et al. (2002). The species is found only in high elevations of the Ankaratra Massif, an area of harsh and very variable weather conditions, with strong day-night temperature differences (2ºC in the night and more than 20ºC during the day). The species lives in montane grassland with some ericoid bushes, especially in areas with groups of stones or rocks.

Karyotype: see Mezzasalma et al. 2016. 
Etymologyfrom the Latin adjective mirabilis ("remarkable"): “Je l’ai apellé ... Millotisaurus mirabilis, moins dans le sens de , bien que sa pigmentation soit assez peu banale pour un gecko, que dans celui de : il est en effet quelque chose de nouveau non seulement parmi les Lygodactyles, mais même pour la famille des Gekkonidés, tout entière” (Pasteur 1964). Lygodactylus (Millotisaurus) mirabilis—Pasteur (1995). 
References
  • Chiari, Y.; Vieites, D.R.; Guo, J.; Bora, P. & Vences, M. 2009. High haplotype diversity in a microendemic Malagasy gecko species, Lygodactylus mirabilis (Pasteur, 1962). Zootaxa 2269: 43–52 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Krüger, Jens 2001. Die madagassischen Gekkoniden. Teil II: Die Geckos der Gattung Lygodactylus GRAY 1864 (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 3: 3-28
  • Mezzasalma M., Andreone F., Aprea G., Glaw F., Odierna G., Guarino F. M. 2016. Molecular phylogeny, biogeography and chromosome evolution of Malagasy dwarf geckos of the genus Lygodactylus (Squamata, Gekkonidae). Zoologica Scripta 46: 42–54, DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12188 - get paper here
  • Pasteur G 1995. Biodiversite et reptiles: diagnoses de sept nouvelles especes fossiles et actuelles du genre de lezards Lygodactylus (Sauria, Gekkonidae). [includes L. succinarius, an extinct species]. DUMERILIA 2, Novembre 1995: 1-21
  • Pasteur, G. 1962. Notes préliminaires sur les lygodactyles (gekkonidés). III. Diagnose de Millotisaurus gen. nov., de Madagascar. Societe des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc, (3):65—66
  • PORTIK, DANIEL M.; SCOTT L. TRAVERS, AARON M. BAUER, WILLIAM R. BRANCH 2013. A new species of Lygodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) endemic to Mount Namuli, an isolated ‘sky island’ of northern Mozambique. Zootaxa 3710 (5): 415–435 - get paper here
  • PUENTE, MARTA; FRANK GLAW, DAVID R. VIEITES & MIGUEL VENCES 2009. Review of the systematics, morphology and distribution of Malagasy dwarf geckos, genera Lygodactylus and Microscalabotes (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2103: 1-76 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2004. Tagaktive Zwerggeckos aus Afrika und Madagaskar: die Gattung Lygodactylus. Draco 5 (18): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2013. Tagaktive Zwerggeckos der Gattung Lygodactylus - Lebensweise - Haltung - Nachzucht. Natur und Tier Verlag, 118 pp. - get paper here
  • Röll, Beate 2002. Delightful Dwarfs: Diurnal Geckos of the Genus Lygodactylus. Gekko 3 (2): 21-33
  • Röll, Beate; Heike Pröhl, Klaus-Peter Hoffmann 2010. Multigene phylogenetic analysis of Lygodactylus dwarf geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 327-335 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
 
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