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Lygodactylus nigropunctatus JACOBSEN, 1992

IUCN Red List - Lygodactylus nigropunctatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Black-spotted Dwarf Gecko 
SynonymLygodactylus nigropunctatus nigropunctatus JACOBSEN 1992: 530
Lygodactylus (Lygodactylus) nigropunctatus — RÖSLER 2000: 94
Lygodactylus nigropunctatus nigropunctatus — BATES et al. 2014: 120
Lygodactylus nigropunctatus — TRAVERS et al. 2014 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (Transvaal)

Type locality: Farm Dientjie 53KT (24°38’S, 30°47’E), Pilgrims Rest district, Transvaal (now Mpumalanga Province).  
Reproductionoviparous, laying 2 eggs at a time. 
TypesHolotype: DNMNH (= TM) 58961; Paratypes: TM 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Lygodactylus nigropunctatus differs from L. ocellatus in being primarily a larger gecko. Precloacal pores range from 7-11 in males. A different colour pattern with the total lack of typical ocellatus ocelli is noteworthy, coupled with the row of dorsolateral black spots on each side which characterise the species (Fig. 1a in Jacobsen 1992). 
CommentSynonymy: JACOBSEN 1992 also mentions Lygodactylus montisnimbi which seems to be a nomen nudum (fide RÖSLER 2000). Lygodactylus nigropunctatus soutpansbergensis JACOBSEN 1992 is a younger primary homonym of Lygodactylus ocellatus soutpansbergensis JACOBSEN 1992 (nomen nudum).

Subspecies: Lygodactylus nigropunctatus incognitus JACOBSEN 1992 and
Lygodactylus nigropunctatus montiscaeruli JACOBSEN 1992 have been elevated to full species status by Travers et al. 2014.

Distribution: see map in Jacobsen 1992: 535 (Fig. 2). 
EtymologyThe specific name refers to the row of black spots usually observed dorsolaterally. 
References
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Jacobsen N H G. 1992. NEW LYGODACTYLUS TAXA (REPTILIA: GEKKONIDAE) FROM THE TRANSVAAL. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 43 (4): 527- 542. - get paper here
  • Kirchhof, S., M. Krämer, J. Linden & K. Richter 2010. The reptile species assemblage of the Soutpansberg (Limpopo Province, South Africa) and its characteristics. Salamandra 46 (3): 147-166 - get paper here
  • Mashinini, P. L. and Mahlangu, L. M. 2013. An annotated catalogue of the types of gekkonid lizards (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) in the Herpetology collection of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History, South Africa. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 3: 165-181
  • Röll, B. 2018. Tagaktive, kleine Geckos – die Gattung Lygodactylus. Reptilia 23 (132): 16-23
  • Röll, Beate; Heike Pröhl, Klaus-Peter Hoffmann 2010. Multigene phylogenetic analysis of Lygodactylus dwarf geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 327-335 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Travers, Scott L.; Todd R. Jackman, Aaron M. Bauer 2014. A molecular phylogeny of Afromontane dwarf geckos (Lygodactylus) reveals a single radiation and increased species diversity in a South African montane center of endemism. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
 
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