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Lygodactylus regulus PORTIK, TRAVERS, BAUER & BRANCH, 2013

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPrince Dwarf Gecko 
SynonymLygodactylus regulus PORTIK, TRAVERS, BAUER & BRANCH 2013
Lygodactylus regulus — TRAVERS et al. 2014 
DistributionMozambique (Zambézia Province)

Type locality: Mozambique, Zambézia Province, Mt. Namuli (15°23'15"S, 37°04'24"E), 1281 m elevation.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MVZ 266138, Adult male, collected by D. M. Portik, 10 August 2011 (Fig. 6).
Paratypes. Three specimens: MVZ 266137, adult male, Mozambique, Zambézia Province, Mt. Namuli (15°22’28”S, 37°03’54”E, 1421 m a.s.l.), collected by D. M. Portik, 10 August 2011 (Fig. 7); PEM R14922, adult female, Mozambique, Zambézia Province, Mt. Namuli, Ridge leading to Marakuni Ridge (1537AC, 1800 m a.s.l.), collected by P. Ryan, 30 November 1998; PEM R20277, adult female, Mozambique, Zambézia Province, Mt. Namuli, Muretha Plateau (15°23’04.5”S, 37°03’13.6”E, 1878 m a.s.l.), collected by J. Bayliss, 27 May 2007 (Fig. 8). 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is derived from Latin regulus = petty king, prince. The closest relative of this species is Lygodactylus rex, the King Dwarf Gecko or Regal Dwarf Gecko, which exhibits a larger body size and inhabits nearby Mt. Mulanje, Malawi, an overall larger massif than Mt. Namuli, Mozambique. Given the smaller body size, smaller size of the massif inhabited, and close relationship with the King Dwarf Gecko, we recommend the common name Prince Dwarf Gecko for this species. 
References
  • Conradie, Werner; Gabriela B. Bittencourt-Silva, Hanlie M. Engelbrecht, Simon P. Loader, Michele Menegon, Cristóvão Nanvonamuquitxo, Michael Scott, Krystal A. Tolley, 2016. Exploration into the hidden world of Mozambique’s sky island forests: new discoveries of reptiles and amphibians. Zoosyst. Evol. 92 (2): 163–180, DOI 10.3897/zse.92.9948 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • PORTIK, DANIEL M.; SCOTT L. TRAVERS, AARON M. BAUER, WILLIAM R. BRANCH 2013. A new species of Lygodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) endemic to Mount Namuli, an isolated ‘sky island’ of northern Mozambique. Zootaxa 3710 (5): 415–435 - get paper here
  • Travers, Scott L.; Todd R. Jackman, Aaron M. Bauer 2014. A molecular phylogeny of Afromontane dwarf geckos (Lygodactylus) reveals a single radiation and increased species diversity in a South African montane center of endemism. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
 
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