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Lygodactylus tuberosus MERTENS, 1965

IUCN Red List - Lygodactylus tuberosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLygodactylus tuberosus MERTENS 1965
Lygodactylus tuberosus — KLUGE 1993
Lygodactylus tuberosus — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 284
Lygodactylus (Lygodactylus) tuberosus — RÖSLER 2000: 95
Lygodactylus tuberosus — RÖLL et al. 2010 
DistributionSW Madagascar

Type locality: Tsimanampetsoa, SW Madagascar Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: SMF 8949 
CommentThis species which was in part formerly known as Lygodactylus tuberifer Boettger, 1913.

Diagnosis. Lygodactylus tuberosus is a relatively small species of Lygodactylus that is common in the arid South of Madagascar. It can be assigned to the L. pictus group based on the characters listed in the group definition above. It differs from L. pictus by usually having only few and indistinct dark spots on the throat (vs. usually at least some distinct spots), and by a white or only faint yellowish ventral colour in life (vs. usually distinctly yellow; but the yellow pigment quickly fades in preservative), furthermore by the presence in most specimens of a dark marking behind the eye which includes spiny scales (vs. presence of only a dark stripe). Typically, specimens of L. tuberosus are relatively small, but some can attain large sizes (up to 38 mm). Clearly, the definition of this species requires revision. Distinction of L. tuberosus from L. roavolana is easily possible by the presence of only small black markings on the neck (vs. presence of large and very distinct markings above the forelimbs), and by the presence of a claw on the first finger (vs. apparent absence).

Habitat. L. tuberosus is a species inhabiting arid zones in the South. All localities are in this area. Specimens in the MNHN collection have been found on "Kily" trunks which refers to Tamarindus indicus trees. We observed the species active during the day, in open forests, on isolated trees or fallen tree trunks, and in dry bush areas (M. Puente & M. Thomas, personal observation, February 2003) [Puente et al. 2009].

Karyotype: see Mezzasalma et al. 2016. 
References
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Annette Olsonn, David Henson, Sunil Kumar, and David Emmett. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Lower Onilahy River Valley, a Temporary Protected Area in Southwest Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 62-79 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Krüger, Jens 2001. Die madagassischen Gekkoniden. Teil II: Die Geckos der Gattung Lygodactylus GRAY 1864 (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 3: 3-28
  • Mertens, R. 1965. Über Lygodactylus tuberifer und seinen Lectotypus. Senckenbergiana Biologica 46: 467—469.
  • Mezzasalma M., Andreone F., Aprea G., Glaw F., Odierna G., Guarino F. M. 2016. Molecular phylogeny, biogeography and chromosome evolution of Malagasy dwarf geckos of the genus Lygodactylus (Squamata, Gekkonidae). Zoologica Scripta 46: 42–54, DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12188 - get paper here
  • PUENTE, MARTA; FRANK GLAW, DAVID R. VIEITES & MIGUEL VENCES 2009. Review of the systematics, morphology and distribution of Malagasy dwarf geckos, genera Lygodactylus and Microscalabotes (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2103: 1-76 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 2013. Tagaktive Zwerggeckos der Gattung Lygodactylus - Lebensweise - Haltung - Nachzucht. Natur und Tier Verlag, 118 pp. - get paper here
  • Röll, Beate 2002. Delightful Dwarfs: Diurnal Geckos of the Genus Lygodactylus. Gekko 3 (2): 21-33
  • Röll, Beate; Heike Pröhl, Klaus-Peter Hoffmann 2010. Multigene phylogenetic analysis of Lygodactylus dwarf geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 327-335 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
 
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