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Lygophis dilepis COPE, 1862

IUCN Red List - Lygophis dilepis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLema's Ground Snake, Lema’s Striped Snake 
SynonymLygophis dilepis COPE 1862: 348 (nom. nud.)
Lygophis dilepis COPE 1863: 81
Aporophis dilepis — COPE 1885
Aporophis lineatus BOULENGER 1894
Lygophis lineatus — AMARAL 1929
Lygophis lineatus dilepis — HOGE 1953: 251
Lygophis lineatus dilepis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 187
Liophis lineatus dilepis — DIXON 1980
Liophis dilepis — HOGE et al. 1981
Liophis dilepis — MICHAUD & DIXON 1987
Liophis dilepis — DIXON 1989
Liophis dilepis — CEI 1993
Liophis dilepis — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 21
Liophis dilepis —RODRIGUES 2003
Liophis dilepis — BERNILS et al. 2007
Lygophis dilepis — ZAHER et al. 2009
Lygophis dilepis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 412 
DistributionBolivia, Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte, Bahia, through Mato Grosso, Bahia, S Ceará), Paraguay, N Argentina (Formosa)

Type locality: Paraguay Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 5861 (old number as cited by COPE 1863) 
Comment 
References
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Cano, Paula Daniela; Héctor Alejandro Ball, Matías Federico Carpinetto, Germán Darío Peña 2015. Reptile checklist of Río Pilcomayo National Park, Formosa, Argentina. Check List 11 (3): 1658 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Catalogues of the reptiles obtained during the explorations of the Parana Paraguay, Vermejo and Uruguay rivers, by Capt. Thos. J. Page, U.S.N.; and of those procured by Lieut. N. Michier, U. S. Top. Eng., Commander of the expedition conducting the su Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862: 346-359. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 1989. A key and checklist to the neotropical snake genus Liophis with country lists and maps. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (79): 1-40 - get paper here
  • Falcione, Camila; Alejandra Hernando, Diego Andrés Barrasso, Diego Di Pietro 2016. Karyotypes of four species of Xenodontini snakes (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) and implications for taxonomy Contributions to Zoology, 85 (3): 265-273 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hoge, A. R. 1953. Notes on Lygophis Fitzinger with revalidation of two subspecies. Memórias do Instito Butantan 24 (2): 245-268 - get paper here
  • Hoge, A. R.; Russo, C. R.; Santos, M. C.;Furtado, M. F. D. 1978. Snakes collected by "Projeto Rondon XXII" to Piaui, Brazil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 42/43: 87-94 [1981] - get paper here
  • Lambertz, M. 2010. Kommentierte Liste der squamaten Reptilien des Sanddünengebietes am mittleren Rio São Francisco (Bahia, Brasilien) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung endemischer Faunenelemente. Ophidia 4 (2): 2-17 - get paper here
  • Lema, Thales de 1989. Serpentes do complexo Liophis lineatus (Linnaeus, 1758) no Brasil nordeste (Serpentes, Colubridae: Colubrinae). Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 11 (2): 251-271
  • Leynaud, Gerardo C. and Enrique H. Bucher 1999. La fauna de serpientes del Chaco Sudamericano: diversidad, distribución geografica y estado de conservación. Academia Nacional de Ciencias Miscelanea (98):1-46
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • Michaud, E. J., & DIXON, J. R. 1987. Taxonomic revision of the Liophis lineatus complex (Reptilia: Colubridae) of Central and South America. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contrib. Biol. & Geol. No. 71: 1-26
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Santos Caldas, Francis Luiz; Taís Borges Costa, Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Adrian Antonio Garda 2016. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga V: Seridó Ecological Station (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil) Check List 12 (4): DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/12.4.1929 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Yanosky, A. A.;Dixon, J. R.;Mercolli, C. 1992. First specific locality record for Liophis dilepis (Cope, 1862) in Argentina. Rev. Esp. Herp. 7: 33-35 - get paper here
  • Zaher, Hussam; Grazziotin, Felipe Gobbi; Cadle, John E.; Murphy, Robert W.; Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar de; Bonatto, Sandro L 2009. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American Xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 49 (11): 115-153 - get paper here
 
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