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Macrocalamus schulzi VOGEL & DAVID, 1999

IUCN Red List - Macrocalamus schulzi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common Names 
SynonymMacrocalamus schulzi VOGEL & DAVID 1999
Macrocalamus sp. — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 172
Macrocalamus schulzi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 418
Macrocalamus schulzi — QUAH et al. 2019 
DistributionMalaysia (Cameron Highlands, 1000-1800 m elevation in wet, forested mountains)

Type locality: Tanah Rata (4°29'N, 101°23'E), Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia.  
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 51159, paratype: ZRC 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Adults reach 342 mm SVL, 399 mm TL. Head triangular, strongly tapered, indistinct from neck; rostral longer than broad, triangular, visible from above, separating nasals and contacting prefrontals; internasals absent; nasals entire, pentagonal; nostril piercing lower margin of nasal, adjacent to upper margin of first supralabial; one pair of prefrontals; one preocular; one supraocular; one postocular; suboculars absent; 1 + 2 temporals; one elongate loreal; eight supralabials, with second, third and fourth touching loreal scale, fourth and fifth entering orbit; seven infralabials, first pair in contact, first to fourth touching first chin shield; 15 dorsal scale rows at midbody; dorsal scales smooth; 114–136 ventrals (males 114–125, females 119–136); single cloacal scale; 17–31 divided subcaudals (males 23–31, females 17–27) (Vogel & David, 1999; David & Pauwels, 2004; Quah et al. 2019). 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David, P. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2004. A re-evaluation of the taxonomy of Macrocalamus lateralis Günther, 1864 (Serpentes: Colubridae), with the descriptions of two new species. Raffl. Bull. Zool., 52(2): 635-645 - get paper here
  • Quah, Evan S H; Shahrul Anuar, Lee L Grismer, Perry L Wood, Siti Azizah Mohd Nor 2019. Systematics and natural history of mountain reed snakes (genus Macrocalamus; Calamariinae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, zlz092, - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
  • Vogel, G. & P. David 1999. A revision of the genus Macrocalamus (Serpentes: Colubridae), with description of a new species and a key to the genus. Raffles Bull. Zool., 47 (2): 309-332 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Yaakob, Norsham Suhaina and Boo Liat Lim 2002. A new species of mountain reed snake, Macrocalamus gentingensis, from Genting Highlands, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Hamadryad 27 (1):83-89
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