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Macropholidus ruthveni NOBLE, 1921

IUCN Red List - Macropholidus ruthveni - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesRuthven's Macropholidus 
SynonymMacropholidus ruthveni NOBLE 1921
Macropholidus ruthveni — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 201
Macropholidus ruthveni — TORRES-CARVAJAL & MAFLA-ENDARA 2013 
DistributionPeru (Cordillera forming the boudary between the Departments of Piura and Cajamarca), Ecuador

Type locality: Cordillera between the Departments of Piura and Cajamarca, Peru.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-14041 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Diagnostic morphological apomorphies of Macropholidus, as conceptualized here, are currently unclear. Possession of a single transparent palpebral disc in the lower eyelid, and absence of a lateral fold between fore and hind limbs were originally proposed by Reeder (1996) as diagnostic apomorphies for a clade within Pholidobolus containing P. annectens and P. huancabambae. These characters are shared by other members of Macropholidus but not Pholidobolus as conceptualized here, and their polarity remains to be established [TORRES-CARVAJAL & MAFLA-ENDARA 2013]. 
CommentType species: Macropholidus ruthveni NOBLE 1921 is the type species of the genus Macropholidus NOBLE 1921. 
EtymologyNamed after Alexander Grant Ruthven (1882-1971), American herpetologist. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cadle J E; Chuna M P 1995. A new lizard of the genus Macropholidus (Teiidae) from a relictual humid forest of northwestern Peru, and notes on Macropholidus ruthveni Noble. Breviora (501): 1-39 - get paper here
  • Noble,G.K. 1921. Some new lizards from northwestern Peru. Ann New York Acad. Sci 29: 133-139 [1920] - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar 2015. First record of Macropholidus ruthveni Noble 1921 (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from Ecuador Herpetology Notes 8: 25-26 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; Paola Mafla-Endara 2013. Evolutionary history of Andean Pholidobolus and Macropholidus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) lizards. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (2): 212–217 - get paper here
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