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Madatyphlops ocularis (PARKER, 1927)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Madatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesParker's Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops ocularis PARKER 1927
Typhlops ocularis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 349
Typhlops ocularis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 112
Madatyphlops ocularis — HEDGES et al. 2014
Madatyphlops ocularis — PYRON & WALLACH 2014 
DistributionMadagascar.

Type locality: “Antongil Bay, Maroansetra Forest, Madagascar” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.11.25. 
CommentSynonymy: Typhlops albanalis has been considered as a synonym of T. ocularis (by HAHN 1980 and others) but considered as a valid species by V. Wallach (cited in McDiarmid et al. 1999). T. albanalis is probably not from Madagascar and thus probably not a valid species (V. Wallach, pers. comm.). However, PYRON & WALLACH 2014 recognized Lemuriatyphlops albanalis as valid and included it in Lemuriatyphlops based on 20 dorsal scale rows lacking reduction (Rendahl 1918).
See PYRON & WALLACH 2014: 55 for a discussion. Given its unknown provenance we keep it within ocularis for the time being.

Habitat: rainforest areas of low and mid-altitude 
References
  • Andreone F., Randrianirina J., Jenkins P.D. & Aprea G. 2000. Species diversity of Amphibia, Reptilia and Lipotyphla (Mammalia) at Ambolokopatrika, a rainforest between the Anjanaharibe-Sud and Marojejy massifs, NE Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 9: 1587–1622
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Guibé,J. 1958. Les serpents de Madagascar. Memoires de l’Institut Scientifique de Madagascar 12: 189-260
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Parker, H.W. 1927. A new Blind snake from Madagascar. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 19: 379-380
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081
  • Rendahl, H. 1918. Zwei neue Arten der Gattung Typhlops aus dem Kaplande. Arkiv för Zoologi 11 (17): 1-6
  • Wallach, V. & Glaw, F. 2009. A new mid-altitude rainforest species of Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from Madagascar with notes on the taxonomic status of T. boettgeri Boulenger, T. microcephalus Werner, and T. capensis Rendahl. Zootaxa 2294: 23–38 - get paper here
 
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