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Marisora alliacea (COPE, 1875)

IUCN Red List - Marisora alliacea - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymMabuia alliacea COPE 1875: 115
Mabuya alliacea — TAYLOR 1956: 298
Marisora alliacea — HEDGES & CONN 2012: 119 
DistributionE Costa Rica (Atlantic slope of the cordillera), S Nicaragua.

Type locality: Costa Rica  
Reproductionovoviviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 30619-20 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: dorsal pattern of dark dorsolateral stripes (absent in other Middle American mabuyine skinks), a low number of midbody scale rows (26–29), supranasal separation (or only point contact), and greenish color in life. Except for the dorsal stripe pattern, each of the characters individually can be found in the other two species, albeit rarely or uncommonly, but in combination they are diagnostic (HEDGES & CONN 2012; see also TAYLOR 1956: 298).
 
CommentSynonymy: Listed as synonym of Mabuya mabouya mabouya by Cochran 1961: 125. Pinto-Sánchez et al. (2015) suggested to synonymize unimarginata, brachypoda and alliacea and roatanae into Marisora unimarginata. 
EtymologyThe generic name (Marisora) is a feminine noun derived from the Latin words maris (sea) and ora (coast, or border), referring to the distribution of this genus occurring predominately in low elevations near the coast (Caribbean, Atlantic, and Pacific), with relatively few inland and upland localities. Three of the seven species occur exclusively on islands. 
References
  • Cochran, Doris M. 1961. Type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (220): xvi + 291 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. On the Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica with notes on the herpetology and ichthyology of Nicaragua and Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 93-183 [sometimes said to be published 1876 but see Murphy et al. 2007 for clarification]] - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. & Conn, C.E. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1–244 - get paper here
  • Pinto-Sánchez, Nelsy Rocío; Martha L. Calderón-Espinosa, Aurelien Miralles, Andrew J. Crawford, Martha Patricia Ramírez-Pinilla 2015. Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Neotropical skink genus Mabuya Fitzinger (Squamata: Scincidae) with emphasis on Colombian populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.07.016 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier, José Gabriel Martínez-Fonseca and Milton Salazar-Saavedra. 2016. New departmental records for lizards in Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1049–1054 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier, Todd W. Pierson, Milton Ubedu-Olivas and Theodore J. Papenfuss. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Marisora alliacea (Costa Rican four-line skink). Herpetological Review 46 (3): 384
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
 
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