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Mauremys rivulata (VALENCIENNES, 1833)

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesE: Western Caspian Turtle
Croatian: riječna kornjača 
SynonymEmys rivulata VALENCIENNES 1833
Emys tristrami GRAY 1869
Emys caspica var. arabica GRAY 1870
Emys pannonica GRAY 1870
Clemmys caspica orientalis BEDRIAGA 1881
Clemmys caspica var. rivulata — BOULENGER 1889
Clemmys caspica rivulata — SIEBENROCK 1909
Clemmys caspica var. obsoleta SCHREIBER 1912
Clemmys caspica cretica MERTENS 1946
Mauremys caspica rivulata — GRUBER & FUCHS 1977
Mauremys caspica rivulata — KING & BURKE 1989
Mauremys caspica rivulata — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Mauremys rivulata — FRITZ & WISCHUF 1997
Mauremys caspica rivulata — HRAOUI-BLOQUET et al. 2002
Mauremys rivulata — OBST 2003: 14
Mauremys caspica rivulata — OBST 2003: 17
Mauremys rivulata — FELDHAM & PARHAM 2004
Mauremys rivulata — TTWG 2014 
DistributionAlbania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,
Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Macedonia,
Montenegro, Serbia, Syria, Turkey
Greece (Crete, Ionian Peninsula, Limnos, Lesbos, Paros, Syphnos, Corfu = Corfou, Milos, Tinos, Kos [M. Delfino, pers. comm.])

Type locality: "dans Ie Siloso et aux environs de Modon [=Methoni)" in "Morée [= Peloponnese)"; restricted to vicinity of Modon, Peloponnes, Greece (MERTENS & MÜLLER 1928)  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 1930, 1930A. 4094, 4095, 9491. and 9492.
Holotype: SMF 36396 [cretica] 
CommentHybridization: Mauremys caspica and M. rivulata appear to hybridize in Turkey although they are largely parapatric (Vamberger et al. 2016).

Habitat: freshwater (Rivers, swamps, ponds) 
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  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see]
  • Auer, M. 2002. Süsswasserschildkröten in der Westtürkei. Elaphe 10 (3): 34-40
  • Ayaz, Dínçer, Oguz Türkozan, Murat Tosunoglu, C. Varol Tok and Durmus Cihan. 2006. Morphologic and Serologic comparison of two Turkish populations of Mauremys rivulata and Mauremys caspica. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 5 (1): 10-17
  • Ayaz, Dincer; Budak, Abidin 2008. Distribution and morphology of Mauremys rivulata (Valenciennes, 1833) (Reptilia: Testudines: Geoemydidae) in the Lake District and Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 32 (2):137-145 - get paper here
  • Baier, F.; Sparrow, D.J. & Wiedl, H.J. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Cyprus. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt/M., ca. 370 pp.
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Bayrakcı, Yusuf; Dinçer Ayaz, Batuhan Yaman Yakın, Kerim Çiçek, Cemal Varol Tok 2016. Abundance of Western Caspian Turtle, Mauremys rivulata (Valenciennes, 1833) in Gökçeada (Imbros), Turkey Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (4): 254-260 - get paper here
  • Bayrakcı, Yusuf; Dinçer Ayaz, Kerim Çiçek 2015. Data on the Population of Syntopic Turtles Emys orbicularis (L., 1758) and Mauremys rivulata (Valenciennes, 1883) from Great Menderes Delta (Western Anatolia, Turkey). Russ. J. Herpetol. 22 (2): 79-83
  • Beshkov, V & Nanev, K 2006. The Amphibians and Reptiles in Bulgaria. Pensoft Series Faunistica 46, 120 pp.
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  • Broggi, Mario F. 2011. The Balkan Terrapin Mauremys rivulata (VALENCIENNES, 1833), in the Aegean islands. Threats, conservation aspects and the situation on the island of Kea (Cyclades) as a case study. Herpetozoa 24: - get paper here
  • Çiçek, Kerim; Meltem Kumaş, Dinçer Ayaz & Cemal Varol Tok 2016. A skeletochronological study of age, growth and longevity in two freshwater turtles, Emys orbicularis and Mauremys rivulata, from Mediterranean Turkey (Reptilia: Testudines) Zoology in the Middle East 62 (1): 29-38 - get paper here
  • ÇAKMAK, Mücahit; Bahadır AKMAN and Mehmet Zülfü YILDIZ 2018. HERPETOFAUNA OF BARTIN PROVINCE (NORTHWEST BLACKSEA REGION, TURKEY) South Western Journal of Horticulture, Biology and Environment P-Issn: 2067- 9874, E-Issn: 2068-7958<br />Vol.8, No.2, 2017 pp.89-102 - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
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  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Fachín-Terán, Augusto, Richard C. Vogt and John B. Thorbjarnarson. 2006. Morphologic and Serologic comparison of two Turkish populations of Mauremys rivulata and Mauremys caspica. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 5 (1): 18-24
  • Feldman, C. R. & Parham, James Ford 2004. Molecular Systematics of Old World Stripe-Necked Turtles (Testudines: Mauremys). Asiatic Herpetological Research 10: 28-37 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U; Ayaz, D.; Buschbom, J.; Kami, H.G.; Mazanaeva, L.F.; Aloufi, A.A.; Auer, M.; Rifai, L.; Silic, T.; Hundsdorfer, A.K. 2008. Go east: phylogeographies of Mauremys caspica and M. rivulata - discordance of morphology, mitochondrial and nuclear genomic markers and rare hybridization. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21(2):527-540 - get paper here
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  • Gül, Cigdem, Murat Tosunoglu, Nurcihan Hacioglu, Tugce Caprazli, Hüseyin Erdugan and Ibrahim Uysal. 2014. The population of Mauremys rivulata (Valenciennes, 1833) on the Island of Bozcaada, Turkey. Herpetozoa 27 (1/2): 104-108
  • Haxhiu, Idriz 1995. Results of studies on the chelonians of Albania. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 1 (4): 324-326
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  • HU, Qiping; HUANG Chengxin, XU Shuru, ZHANG Qiuming, MA Ning, ZHONG Hanming 2013. Primary Phylogenies of Mauremys guangxiensis and Mauremys iversoni Inferred from DNA Sequences of Mitochondrial ND4 Gene and Nuclear c-mos Gene. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 32 (2): 180-186 - get paper here
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  • Kukushkin O V, Jablonski D. 2016. A record of the Balkan Stripe-necked Terrapin, Mauremys rivulata (Testudines: Geomydidae) from the Azov Sea Coast in Crimea. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10(2) [General Section]: 27–29 - get paper here
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  • PAWLOWSKI, S. 2015. Ergänzende Bemerkungen zur Überwinterung verschiedener aquatischer Schildkröten unter kontrollierten Bedingungen. Sauria 37 (2): 58 - 63 - get paper here
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