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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Ilamian keel-scaled gecko 
Mediodactylus ilamensis — BAUER et al. 2013
Mediodactylus ilamensis — RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2018 
DistributionIran (Ilam Province: Zagros Mountains)

Type locality: 500-600 m above sea level, on the western gypsum foothills of the Zagros Mountains, Zarin-Abad region, Dehloran Township, Ilam Province, southwestern Iran at the coordinates of 32°57′51′′ N, 47°03′23′′ E.  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: RUZM GC120.1, adult male Paratype: RUZM GC120.2, subadult 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Snout-vent length (SVL) in holotype and paratype 36.5 and 29.3 mm respectively. As in all congeners, scales and tubercles all over the body strongly keeled (except up- per and lower labials, nasals, rostral, and mental); dor- sal scales heterogeneous, blunt; enlarged blunt tubercles on dorsum; mucronate tubercules on tail more promi- nent than tubercles on dorsum; homogeneous scales on forelimbs smaller than those on hindlimbs; tubercles on hindlimb few in number and all smaller than those on dorsum; polyhedral, multi-keeled scales on the head in- cluding rostral, prefrontal, and postfrontal regions; no postmental; mental bordered by 6-7 small keeled scales; scales on the ventral surface of head multi-keeled and morphologically different from those on ventral region of body and tail; ventrals equal to dorsals in length; ven- tral side of tail without large plate-like scales, but with keeled mucronate scales; 10-11 regular longitudinal rows of tubercles on back; 30-32 ventral and ventrolateralscales from side to side.
Dorsal regions brownish, ventral regions whitish;c omplete regular chocolate crossbars across dorsum, limbs, digits, and tail; dorsal side of head spotted; oc-ciput with a transverse dark bar; supra- and infralabials with dark spots; subdigital lamellae keeled.
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
Etymologynamed after Ilam Province, western Iran. 
  • BAUER, AARON M.; RAFAQAT MASROOR, JAMES TITUS-MCQUILLAN, MATTHEW P. HEINICKE,, JUAN D. DAZA & TODD R. JACKMAN 2013. A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324 - get paper here
  • Fathinia, Behzad; Rasoul Karamiani, Hamid Darvishnia, Naghi Heidari, and Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani. 2011. A new species of Carinatogecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Ilam Province, western Iran. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (1): 61-74 - get paper here
  • Gholamifard, A 2011. Endemism in the reptile fauna of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 7 (1) - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, Nasrullah; Nasrin Haidari; Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani; Behzad Fathinia 2018. Additional specimens of the gecko Mediodactylus ilamensis (Fathinia et al., 2011) (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) with notes on taxonomy. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics, DOI: 10.22067/ijab.v14i1.71209 - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
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