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Meizodon semiornatus (PETERS, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesMeizodon semiornatus semiornatus (PETERS 1854)
Meizodon semiornatus tchadensis (CHABANAUD 1917) 
Common NamesSemiornate Smooth Snake 
SynonymCoronella semiornata PETERS 1854: 622
Zamenis Fischeri PETERS 1879: 777
Coronella inornata FISCHER 1884 (fide LOVERIDGE 1957)
Coronella scheffleri STERNFELD 1908: 93
Coronella semiornata — MEEK 1910
Zamenis citernii BOULENGER 1912
Zamenis tchadensis CHABANAUD 1917: 451
Coronella semiornata — LOVERIDGE 1936: 33
Coronella semiornata semiornata — MERTENS 1938
Coronella semiornata semiornata — SCORTECCI 1939: 275
Coluber citernii — LOVERIDGE 1957
Meizodon semiornata semiornata — BROADLEY 1959
Meizodon semiornatus — AUERBACH 1987: 181
Meizodon semiornatus — BOYCOTT 1992
Meizodon semiornatus semiornatus — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 30
Meizodon semiornatus — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 499
Meizodon semiornatus semiornatus — BROADLEY & BLAYLOCK 2013
Meizodon semiornatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 436
Meizodon semiornatus semiornatus — BATES et al. 2014: 415
Meizodon semiornatus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 482

Meizodon semiornatus tchadensis (CHABANAUD 1917)
Meizodon semiornatus tchadensis — CHIRIO & LEBRETON 2007 
DistributionFrom the Republic of South Africa through East Africa as far as S Sudan, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Swaziland, Botswana, Zambia, Uganda

tchadensis: Cameroon

Type locality: “Tette” [Mozambique] [Coronella semiornata PETERS 1854]
Type locality: “Malindi” [Kenya] [Zamenis Fischeri PETERS 1879] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 4804, 4805 (2 specimens) (Coronella semiornata PETERS 1854)
Holotype: ZMB 9534 [Zamenis Fischeri PETERS 1879]
Holotype: ZMH: R01981 from Arusha, near Mount Kilimanjaro, Massailand, Tanzania [Coronella inornata FISCHER 1884] 
CommentSynonymy: partly after WALLACH et al. 2014 (who lists C. scheffleri on p. 436, not 428 as indicated in index).

Distribution: Has been erroneously listed for Benin but does not occur there (Hughes 2013). 
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1912. Missione per la frontiera Italo—Etiopica sotto il comando del Capitano Carlo Citerni. Risultati zoologici. List of the reptiles and batrachians. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (3) 5:329-332. - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. 1988. Life History Note: Meizodon semiornatus semiornatus: Habit, Diet and Distribution. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (34): 44-44 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1959. The herpetology of Southern Rhodesia. Part I--the snakes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 120 (1): 1-100 [reprint 1972] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Chabanaud,P. 1917. Révision de quelques Reptiles d'Afrique et description de trois espèces nouvelles. Bull. Mus. natn. Hist Nat. Paris 23: 442-454 [451] - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Fischer, J. G. 1884. Über einige afrikanische Reptilien, Amphibien und Fische des Naturhistorischen Museums I. Über die von Herrn Dr. G.A. Fischer in Massai Gebiete (Ost Afrika) auf seiner in Veranlassung der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg unternommenen Expeditio Jahrb. Hamburg Wiss. Anst. 1: 1-32 - get paper here
  • Haagner, G.V.; Leslie, B.J. 1993. Geographical Distribution - Meizodon semiornatus semiornatus. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (42): 41-42 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1963. Il genere Coluber in Somalia e descrizione di una nuova specie. Atti Soc. ital. Sci. Nat. Milano 102: 379-396
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1929. East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (151): 1-135 - get paper here
  • Meek, Seth Eugene;Cory, Charles B. 1910. Batrachians and reptiles from British East Africa. Publication of the Field Museum of Natural history 7 (11): 403-414 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1938. Über eine herpetologische Sammlung aus dem Gebiete des Njarasa-Grabens Ost-Afrikas. Veröffentlichungen aus dem Deutschen Kolonial- und Übersee-Museum in Bremen 2 (1): 1-9 [no page numbers]
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1879. Über neue Amphibien des Kgl. Zoologischen Museums (Euprepes, Acontias, Typhlops, Zamenis, Spilotes, Oedipus). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1879(August): 773-779 [1880] - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1854. Diagnosen neuer Batrachier, welche zusammen mit der früher (24. Juli und 17. August) gegebenen Übersicht der Schlangen und Eidechsen mitgetheilt werden. Ber. Bekanntmach. Geeignet. Verhandl. Königl.-Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1854: 614-628
  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
  • Schätti B 1985. Systematics of east African species of Meizodon Fischer, 1856 (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Monitore Zoologico Italiano suppl. 20: 149-175
  • Scortecci ,G. 1939. Spedizione zoologica del Marchese Saverio patrizi nel Basso Giuba e nell'Oltre Giuba. Giugno-agosto 1934. XII. Rettili Ofidi. Annali Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Giacomo Doria 58: 263-291
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1908. Neue und ungenügend bekannte afrikanische Schlangen. S. Ber. Ges. naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 4: 92-95 - get paper here
  • SWANEPOEL, S. 2009. Meizodon s. semiornatus (Peters, 1854). African Herp News (50): 40-41
  • Vats, Rajeev; Ignas Safari 2014. Diversity of Snakes at the University of Dodoma Campus, Tanzania. American Journal of Zoological Research, 2 (3): 41-45 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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