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Mesoclemmys tuberculata (LUEDERWALDT, 1926)

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Higher TaxaChelidae, Chelinae, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesTuberculate Toadhead Turtle 
SynonymRhinemys tuberculata LUEDERWALDT 1926
Phrynops (Batrachemys) tuberculatus — ALDERTON 1988
Phrynops tuberculatus — KING & BURKE 1989
Batrachemys tuberculata — MCCORD et al. 2001
Batrachemys tuberculata — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2002
Phrynops tuberculatus — RODRIGUES 2003
Batrachemys tuberculata — SOUZA 2004
Mesoclemmys tuberculata — BOUR & ZAHER 2005
Batrachemys (Phrynops) tuberculatus — BONIN et al 2006
Mesoclemmys tuberculata — VAN DIJK et al. 2011
Phrynops (Batrachemys) tuberculata — PHILIPPEN 2012 
DistributionE Brazil (Rio San Francisco drainage, Rio Parana, Piauí, Sergipe, S Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte)

Type locality: Villa Nova, Bahia, Brazil  
TypesSyntypes: MZUSP 43, 81 
CommentFor a color illustration and distribution map see MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2002.

Distribution: Not in Paraguay, only the former subspecies, now Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (fide Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014).

Habitat: freshwater (rivers, swamps) 
  • Alderton, D. 1988. Turtles and tortoises of the world. Facts on File, New York.
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 1973. Contribution a la connaissance de Phrynops nasutus (Schweigger: 1812) et Phrynops tuberculatus (Luederwaldt: 1926). Description d'une nouvelle sous-espèce originaire du Paraguay, Phrynops tuberculatus vanderhaegei (Testudinata - Pleurodira - Chelidae Bull. Soc. Zool. France 98: 175-190
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Bour, R. & Zaher, H. 2005. A NEW SPECIES OF MESOCLEMMYS, FROM THE OPEN FORMATIONS OF NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL (CHELONII, CHELIDAE). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 45 (24): 295-311 - get paper here
  • Cavalcanti, L.B.Q.; T.B. Costa; G.R. Colli; G.C. Costa; F.G.R. França; D.O. Mesquita; C.K.S. Palmeira; N. Pelegrin; A.H.B. Soares; D.B. Tucker; A.A. Garda 2014. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga II: Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
  • GROSSMANN, Peter & Michael REIMANN 1991. Beiträge zum Verhalten und zur Nachzucht von Phrynops tuberculatus (LÜDERW ALDT 1926) im Aqua-Terrarium. Sauria 13 (2): 3-6 - get paper here
  • Loebmann, D.; Giacometti Mai, A.C. & Garcia, A.M. 2006. Reptilia, Chelidae, Mesoclemmys tuberculata: geographical distribution extension. Check List 2 (1): 32-33 - get paper here
  • Luederwaldt, H. 1926. Os chelonios brasileiros, com a lista das expecies do Museu Paulista. Revista do Museu Paulista 14: 1-68
  • Luederwaldt, H. 1926. Os chelonios brasilieros com a lista das espécies do Museu Paulista. Rev. Mus. Paulista, Sao Paulo 14:408-468
  • Madella-Auricchio, Cláudia Renata; Paulo Auricchio Enio Saraiva Soares 2017. Reptile species composition in the Middle Gurguéia and comparison with inventories in the eastern Parnaíba River Basin, State of Piauí, Brazil Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57(28): 375-386,
  • McCord, W. P., Joseph-Ouni, M.i & W. W. Lamar 2001. A taxonomic reevaluation of Phrynops (Testudines: Chelidae) with the description of two new genera and a new species of Batrachemys. Revista de Biologia Tropical 49 (2): 715-764 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2002. Chelonian illustrations #1: South American Toadhead Turtles. Reptilia (GB) (21): 34-38 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; A.M.X. Lima; D.C.P. Staut; R.G. Faria; J.P. Souza-Alves; S.F. Gouveia; M.R.C. Scupino; R. Gomes; M.J. Silva. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Mata do Junco, municipality of Capela, state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 756-762 - get paper here
  • Philippen, H. - D. 2012. Phrynops. Die Gattung der Krötenkopfschildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (98): 42-48 - get paper here
  • Reis, Paulo Maurício Almeida Guimaráes, Rafael Damasceno Fernandes Coelho, Favio Miranda Walker and Leonardo Barrios Ribeiro. 2014. Mesoclemmys tuberculata (tuberculate toad-headed turtle) hatchlings. Herpetological Review 45 (4): 691
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Santana, Daniel O.; Thiago S. Marques, guStavo h.C. vieira, geraldo J.B. Moura, renato g. Faria, and Daniel O. MeSquita 2016. Mesoclemmys tuberculata (Luederwaldt 1926) – Tuberculate Toad-headed Turtle. Chelonian Research Monographs 5(9): 097.1–8, doi:10.3854/ crm.5.097.tuberculata.v1.2016 - get paper here
  • Santana, Daniel Oliveira; Thiago Simon Marques, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Renato Gomes Faria, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita 2015. Hatchling morphology of the Tuberculate Toadhead Turtle (Mesoclemmys tuberculata [Lüederwaldt, 1926]) from northeastern Brazil (Testudines: Chelidae) Herpetology Notes 8: 407-410 - get paper here
  • Santos Caldas, Francis Luiz; Taís Borges Costa, Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Adrian Antonio Garda 2016. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga V: Seridó Ecological Station (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil) Check List 12 (4): DOI: - get paper here
  • Souza, Franco L. 2004. Uma revisão sobre padrões de atividade, reprodução e alimentação de cágados brasileiros (Testudines, Chelidae) [A review on activity patterns, reproduction, and feeding habits in Brazilian chelid turtles (Testudines, Chelidae)]. Phyllomedusa 3 (1): 15-28 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Dijk, Peter Paul van; John B. Iverson, H. Bradley Shaffer; Roger Bour & Anders G.J. Rhodin [turtle taxonomy working group] 2011. Turtles of the World, 2011 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 78 pp.; doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v4.2011 - get paper here
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