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Mesoscincus managuae (DUNN, 1933)

IUCN Red List - Mesoscincus managuae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Managua Skink 
SynonymEumeces managuae DUNN 1933: 67
Eurylepis managuae — DUNN 1933
Eumeces managuae — TAYLOR 1936: 104
Eumeces managuae — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 119
Eumeces managuae — REEDER 1988
Mesoscincus managuae — GRIFFITH, NGO & MURPHY 2000
Eumeces managuae — KÖHLER 2000: 92
Eumeces managuae — WILSON & MCCRANIE 2002
Mesoscincus managuae — SCHMITZ et al. 2004
Mesoscincus managuae — MCCRANIE 2018 
DistributionCosta Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador (HR 33: 322), Guatemala

Type locality: Aviation field, Managua, Nicaragua.  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: USNM 89474, male (fide TAYLOR 1936: 27) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large species, a member of the Schwartzei group, characterized by 2 median series of greatly expanded scutes, extending from the shoulders to a point near the base of the tail; inner preanal scutes overlapping the outer; nostril pierced in a very small nasal directly above the suture of the rostral and first labial; upper palpebral series all in contact with the superciliaries; four pairs of expanded nuchals; two tertiary temporals, not strongly differentiated; one postmental; a postnasal; three presuboculars; two pairs of postlabials; large auricular lobules; terminal lamellae of toes bound tightly about base of claws; two greatly enlarged heel plates; subcaudals transversely widened; no differentiated lateral postanal scute; adpressed limbs widely separated; brown, dark lined, above.

Detailed description of type: Taylor 1936: 105 
CommentNote that the photo legends of Mesoscincus managuae and Ameiva undulata in Leenders (2004) have been mixed up. 
EtymologyThe name managuae refers to the city of Managua, Nicaragua, the type locality of the species. 
  • ACEVEDO, M. 2006. Anfibios y reptiles de Guatemala: una breve síntesis con bibliografía. Pp.487–524 In E. B. Cano (Ed.), Biodiversidad de Guatemala. Volumen I. Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala, Guatemala
  • ARIANO-SÁNCHEZ, D., A. URBINA, AND G. SALAZAR. 2010. Geographic Distribution. Mesoscincus managuae (Managua Skink). Herpetological Review 41: 107 - get paper here
  • Cruz D., G. A., WILSON, L. D., & ESPINOSA, J. 1979. Twa additions to the reptile fauna of Honduras, Eumeces managuae Dunn and Agkistrodon bilineatus (Günther), with comments on Pelamis platurus (Linnaeus). Herpetological Review 10 (2): 26-27 - get paper here
  • Duellman, William E. 1966. The Central American herpetofauna: An ecological perspective. Copeia 1966 (4): 700-719 - get paper here
  • Dunn, E. R. 1933. A new lizard from Nicaragua. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 46: 67-68 - get paper here
  • Espinal MR, Mora JM 2019. Distributional extension for a dry forest species, Mesoscincus managuae (Dunn, 1933) (Squamata, Scincidae), on the Subhumid Caribbean versant of Honduras. Check List 15(2): 269-273 - get paper here
  • GREENBAUM, E., N. HERRERA, R. IBARRA PORTILLO, O. KOMAR, AND R. RIVERA. 2002. Geographic Distribution. Mesoscincus managuae (Managua Skink). Herpetological Review 33: 322 - get paper here
  • Griffith, H., A. Ngo & R. W. Murphy 2000. A cladistic evaluation of the cosmopolitan genus Eumeces Wiegmann (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 7 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Leenders, T. 2004. Der Nationalpark “El Imposible” in El Salvador. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 45-49 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R., and Alexander Gutsche 2016. The herpetofauna of islands in the Golfo de Fonseca and adjacent waters, Honduras. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (4): 842–899 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Reeder, T. W. 1990. Eumeces managuae. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 467: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Schmitz, Andreas; Patrick Mausfeld and Dirk Embert 2004. Molecular studies on the genus Eumeces Wiegmann, 1834: phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic implications. Hamadryad 28 (1-2): 73 – 89 - get paper here
  • Šmek, P. P. Uetz, and C. J. Pavón-Vázquez. 2017. Range extension of Mesoscincus managuae (Dunn, 1933) in Guatemala. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 955–958 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, J. & Köhler, G. 2007. New county and departmental records of herpetofauna in Nicaragua. Salamandra 43 (1): 57-62 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1936. A taxonomic study of the cosmopolitan lizards of the genus Eumeces with an account of the distribution and relationship of its species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 23 (14): 1-643 [1935] - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1955. Additions to the known herpetological fauna of Costa Rica with comments on other species. No. II. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 37: 499-575. - get paper here
  • Wilson, Larry David and James R. McCranie 2002. Update on the list of reptiles know from Honduras. Herpetological Review 33 (2):90-94 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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