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Micrelaps muelleri BOETTGER, 1880

IUCN Red List - Micrelaps muelleri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Aparallactinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: English common name not available
G: Erdviper 
SynonymMicrelaps muelleri BOETTGER 1880: 137
Micrelaps muelleri — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947
Micrelaps moelleri — DISI 1985 (fide ZOOLOGICAL RECORD)
Micrelaps muelleri — BISCHOFF & SCHMIDTLER 1997
Micrelaps muelleri — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Micrelaps muelleri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 438 
DistributionIsrael, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon

Type locality: near Jerusalem, Israel. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntype: NMBA 2129, Lectotype: SMF 20349 (catalogue Boettger 9249, MERTENS (1967) 

Taxonomy: BISCHOFF & SCHMIDTLER 1997 classify this species as a member of the family Atractaspididae while most others (like AMR et al. 1997) consider it as a colubrid).

Type species: Micrelaps muelleri BOETTGER 1880 is the type species of the genus Micrelaps BOETTGER 1880. 
Etymologynamed after Friedrich Müller (1834-1895), a friend and colleague of G.A. Boulenger, who worked as physician and zoologist in Basel. 
  • Amr, Zuhair S; Disi, Ahmad M; Al Melhim, Walid N 1997. Additions to the knowledge of Muller's snake, Micrelaps muelleri Boettger, 1880. (Squamata: Serpentes: Colubridae). Herpetozoa 10 (3-4): 163-168 - get paper here
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Bischoff,W. & J.F. Schmidtler 1997. Nach 115 Jahren in Syrien wiedergefunden: Micrelaps muelleri Böttger, 1880 (Serpentes: Atractaspididae). Salamandra 33 (1): 25-32 - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Disi, A M 1985. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Jordan. 2. New records and a systematic list of snakes from Jordan. The Snake 17 (1): 31-42
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. and Anat Feldman. 2014. Micrelaps muelleri (erdviper) reproduction. Herpetological Review 45 (3): 518
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Rasmussen, J. B. 2002. A review of the African members of the genus Micrelaps Boettger 1880 (Serpentes Atractaspididae). Tropical Zoology 15: 71-87 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, Y.L.; Babocsay, G.; Carmely, H. & Thuna, M. 2006. Micrelaps in the southern Levant: variation, sexual dimorphism, and a new species (Serpentes: Atractaspididae. Zoology in the Middle East 38: 29-48 - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1947. Revision d'un groupe de Colubridae africains: genres Calamelaps, Miodon, Aparallactus, et formes affines. Mém. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique (sér. 2) 29: 1-134
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