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Micrurus dumerilii JAN, 1858

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesMicrurus dumerilii antioquiensis SCHMIDT 1936
Micrurus dumerilii carinicaudus SCHMIDT 1936
Micrurus dumerilii colombianus (GRIFFIN 1916)
Micrurus dumerilii dumerilii (JAN 1858)
Micrurus dumerilii transandinus SCHMIDT 1936
Micrurus dumerilii venezuelensis ROZE 1989 
Common Names 
SynonymMicrurus dumerilii dumerilii (JAN 1858)
Elaps dumerilii JAN 1858
Micrurus dumerilii — SCHMIDT 1955
Micrurus dumerilii dumerilii — WELCH 1994: 81
Micrurus dumerilii dumerilii — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 167
Micrurus dumerilii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 445

Micrurus dumerilii antioquiensis (SCHMIDT 1936)
Micrurus antioquiensis SCHMIDT 1936
Micrurus carinicauda antioquiensis SCHMIDT 1936
Micrurus carinicaudus antioquiensis — SCHMIDT 1955
Micrurus dumerilii antioquiensis — WELCH 1994: 81
Micrurus dumerilii antioquiensis — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 167

Micrurus dumerilii carinicauda (K.P. SCHMIDT 1936)
Micrurus carinicauda SCHMIDT 1936
Micrurus carinicauda — LAURENT 1949: 16
Micrurus dumerilii carinicauda — WELCH 1994: 81
Micrurus dumerilii carinicaudus — KORNACKER 1999: 152
Micrurus dumerilii carinicauda — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 167

Micrurus dumerili colombianus (GRIFFIN 1916)
Elaps colombianus GRIFFIN 1916: 216
Micrurus dumerilii colombianus — WELCH 1994: 81
Micrurus dumerilii colombianus — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 167

Micrurus dumerilii transandinus (SCHMIDT,1936)
Micrurus transandinus SCHMIDT 1936
Micrurus transandinus — LAURENT 1949: 16
Micrurus carinicaudus transandinus — SCHMIDT 1955
Micrurus carinicaudus transandinus — PETERS 1960
Micrurus dumerilii transandinus — WELCH 1994: 81
Micrurus dumerilii transandinus — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 167

Micrurus dumerili venezuelensis ROZE 1989
Micrurus dumerilii venezuelensis — WELCH 1994: 81
Micrurus dumerilii venezuelensis — KORNACKER 1999: 153
Micrurus dumerilii venezuelensis — BARRIO-AMOROS et al. 2003
Micrurus dumerilii venezuelensis — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 167 
DistributionNW Venezuela, N/W Colombia (Valle del Cauca), N Ecuador, SE Panama

dumerilii: Colombia (Magdalena River region to Norte de Santander); Type locality: "Colombie Carthagène” [=Cartagena, extreme northern Bolívar Department, Colombia, 10˚25'N, 75˚32'W].

antioquiensis: Colombia (Cauca Valley); Type locality: Santa Rita, north of Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia.

carinicauda: N Venezuela (Mérida [HR 32: 279]) west to Colombia (Norte de Santander); Type locality: Orope, Estado Táchira, Venezuela.

colombianus: N Colombia; Type-locality: Minca, Colombia

transandinus: Colombia (Choco), Ecuador (west of Andes); Type locality: Andagoya, Choco, Colombia.

venezuelensis: NC Venezuela (Cordillera de la Costa); Type locality: El Valle, Distrito Federal, Venezuela. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype, MNHN 3923, a 660 mm male (Barrot).
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.17.23 [antioquiensis]
Holotype: FMNH 2587 [carinicauda]
Holotype: CM 197 [colombianus]
Holotype: AMNH R59392 [venezuelensis]
Holotype: MCZ 32744 [transandinus] 
CommentSubspecies and distribution after WELCH 1994, updated after CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004.

Venomous! 
References
  • BARRIO A., C. L. 2001. Geographic distribution. Serpentes: Micrurus dumerilii carinicauda. Herpetological Review 32(4):279 - get paper here
  • Barrio Amorós, César Luis and Daniel Calcaño 2003. First record of Micrurus lemniscatus (Linnaeus, 1758) from western Venezuela with comments on coral snakes from the eastern Andean piedmont (Squamata: Serpentes: Elapidae). Herpetozoa 16 (1/2):73-78 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • CASTRO-HERRERA, FERNANDO; ANYELET VALENCIA-AGUILAR, DIEGO VILLAQUIRAN-Martínez 2012. Diversidad de Anfibios y Reptiles del Parque<br />Nacional Natural Isla Gorgona Universidad del Valle, Santiago de Cali, Valle del Cauca, 112 pp.
  • Griffin,L.F. 1916. A catalog of the Ophidia from South America at present (June 1916) contained in the Carnegie Museum with descriptions of some new species. Mem. Carnegie Mus. 7 (3) [1915]: 163-228 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1858. Plan d'une iconographie descriptive des ophidiens et description sommaire de nouvelles espèces des serpents. Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris (2) 10: 438-449, 514-527 - get paper here
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Laurent, R. 1949. Note sur quelques reptiles appartenant à la collection de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. III. Formes americaines. Bull. Inst. roy. Sci. nat. Belgique, Bruxelles, 25 (9): 1-20 [4]
  • Meneses-Pelayo, Elson and José Rances Caicedo-Portilla. 2015. Micrurus dumerilii (Dumeril's cornsnake) maximum size. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 647
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Peters , J. A. 1960. The snakes of Ecuador; check list and key. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 122: 489-541 - get paper here
  • Prairie, Aaron; Kathryn Chandler, Patty Ruback, and Julie M. Ray 2015. Dumeril’s Coralsnake (Micrurus dumerilii Jan, 1858) in Panama Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 253–259 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roze J A 1989. New species and subspecies of coral snakes, genus Micrurus (Elapidae), with notes on type specimens of several species. American Museum Novitates (2932) : 1-15 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1936. Preliminary account of coral snakes of South America. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 20 (19): 189-203 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1955. Coral snakes of the genus Micrurus in Colombia. Fieldiana Zoology 34 (34): 337-359 - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Welch, K. R. G. 1994. Snakes of the World. A Checklist. I. Venomous snakes. KCM Books, Somerset, England.
 
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