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Micrurus hemprichii (JAN, 1858)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesMicrurus hemprichii hemprichii (JAN 1858)
Micrurus hemprichii ortoni SCHMIDT 1953 
Common NamesHemprich's Coral Snake 
SynonymElaps hemprichii JAN 1858: 523
Micrurus hemprichii — AMARAL 1929: 230
Micrurus hemprichii — KORNACKER 1999: 153
Micrurus hemprichii — WHITHWORTH & BEIRNE 2011
Micrurus hemprichii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 447

Micrurus hemprichii hemprichii (JAN 1858)
Elaps hemprichii JAN 1858: 523
Micrurus hemprichii hemprichii — SCHMIDT 1953: 166
Micrurus hemprichii hemprichii — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 210
Micrurus hemprichi hemprichi — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Micrurus hemprichii hemprichii — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Micrurus hemprichii — VALENCIA et al. 2016
Micrurus hemprichii — BERNARDE et al. 2018

Micrurus hemprichii ortoni SCHMIDT 1953
Micrurus hemprichii ortoni SCHMIDT 1953: 166
Micrurus hemprichii ortoni — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 210
Micrurus rondonianus ROZE & DA SILVA 1990
Micrurus hemprichi rondonianus — ROZE 1994
Micrurus hemprichii ortoni — FEITOSA et al. 2007
Micrurus hemprichii ortonii — WHITHWORTH & BEIRNE 2011
Micrurus ortonii — VALENCIA et al. 2016
Micrurus ortonii — BERNARDE et al. 2018 
DistributionColombia, Venezuela (TF Amazonas), Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil (Para, Rondonia), Bolivia

hemprichii: E Colombia, S Venezuela, the Guianas, NE Brazil; Type locality: Colombia.

ortoni: Upper Amazon of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, W Brazil (Amazonas); Type locality: Pebs (Pebas fide SCHMIDT 1955), Peru.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: MSNM, sex unknown, destroyed in World War II) and an unknown locality (NHMW = NMW, status unknown). Schmidt (1953a) doubts that one of the types could have come from Colombia and proposes "vicinity of Bartica, British Guiana" as the new type locality. However, Roze (1955) argues that the original type locality may have been correct, and he reports a specimen from only a few kilometers of the Colombian border in Venezuela. Boulenger, 1896:421; Boulenger, 1898a: 131 (cited from HARVEY et al. 2003).
Holotype: MCZ 12423, male, "Pebas, Peru" [ortonii]
Holotype: UCG 3299, male, parapes: UCG, MCZ, USNM, IMTM, MPEG [rondonianus]
Holotype: MCZ 12423 [ortoni] 
CommentSynonymy mainly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Micrurus hemprichii rondonianus ROZE & DA SILVA 1990 was synonymized with Micrurus hemprichii ortoni by Silva 1993 and reduced to subspecies by ROZE 1994. M. h. rondonianus appears to be a melanistic form (ROZE 1994). Silva Jr et al. (2016) recognized only two subspecies (M. h. hemprichii and M. h. ortoni), considering M. h. rondonianus a junior synonym of M. h. ortoni.

Venomous!

Distribution: see map in Bernarde et al. 2018: 256 (Fig. 6). 
EtymologyNamed after Wilhelm Friedrich Hemprich (1796-1825), German naturalist. 
References
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