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Micrurus ibiboboca (MERREM, 1820)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCaatinga Coral Snake 
SynonymElaps ibiboboca MERREM 1820: 142
Elaps marcgravii WIED-NEUWIED 1820
Elaps Marcgravi — BOETTGER 1885: 239
Elaps marcgravei — BOETTGER 1894: 119
Elaps marcgravei — KOSLOWSKY 1895: 369
Elaps marcgravii — WERNER 1901: 11
Elaps gravenhorstii BOULENGER 1896
Elaps macgravii BOULENGER 1896
Micrurus ibiboboca — AMARAL 1925
Micrurus lemniscatus ibiboboca — HOGE 1952
Micrurus ibiboboca — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989: 120
Micrurus ibiboboca — ROZE 1996: 183
Micrurus ibiboboca — LAMBERTZ 2010
Micrurus ibiboboca — WALLACH et al. 2014: 447 
DistributionE Brazil (South of the Amazon, Bahia, Sergipe, S Ceará, Alagoas, Maranhão, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Sergipe, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte).

Type locality: Brazil  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 3937, a male from "Brazil," obtained by Wied-Neuwied, later specified by Wied-Neuwied (1825) as "mouth of Rio Belmonte" (= State of Bahia, Brazil), as explained by Roze, 1966b. 
CommentVenomous! Not on the Guiana Shield according to MacCulloch & LATHROP (2004). Reports from Guiana and Suriname are based on misidentifications.

Max total length: 100 cm. 
References
  • Amaral, A. 1925. Da invalidez da espécie de colubrídeo elapíneo Micrurus ibiboboca (Merrem) e redescrição de M. lemniscatus (L.). Revista do Museu Paulista 15: 29-40
  • Boettger, O. 1885. Liste von Reptilien und Batrachiern aus Paraguay. Zeitschr. Naturw. 58 (3): 213-248 - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1894. Reptilien und Batrachier aus Bolivia. Zool. Anz. 17: 118-119 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Claessen, H. 2005. De slangen van de Guyana’s, deel IX. Lacerta 63 (6): 228-241 - get paper here
  • Da Silva, C., Andrade, H. & Dias, E.J.R. 2017. Micrurus ibiboboca (Caatinga Coralsnake) Defensive behavior. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 862-863
  • Freire, E.M.X., G.O. Skuk, M.F. Kolodiuk, L.B. Ribeiro, B.S. Maggi, L.S. Rodrigues, W.L.S. Vieira and A.C.G.P. Falcão. 2009. Répteis Squamata das Caatingas do Seridó do Rio Grande do Norte e do Cariri da Paraíba: síntese do conhecimento atual e perspectivas; pp. 51–84, in: E.M.X. Freire (eds.). Recursos naturais das Caatingas: uma visão multidisciplinar. Natal: Editora da UFRN
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Godoy Pires, Matheus; Nelson Jorge da Silva Jr., Darlan Tavares Feitosa, ANA LÚCIA DA COSTA PRUDENTE, GENTIL ALVES PEREIRA FILHO & Hussam ZAHER 2014. A new species of triadal coral snake of the genus Micrurus Wagler, 1824 (Serpentes: Elapidae) from northeastern Brazil . Zootaxa 3811 (4): 569–584 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1895. Batracios y reptiles de Rioja y Catamarca. Rev. Mus. La Plata 6: 359-370 - get paper here
  • Lambertz, M. 2010. Kommentierte Liste der squamaten Reptilien des Sanddünengebietes am mittleren Rio São Francisco (Bahia, Brasilien) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung endemischer Faunenelemente. Ophidia 4 (2): 2-17 - get paper here
  • MacCulloch, Ross D. and Amy Lathrop 2004. Micrurus ibiboboca (Serpentes, Elapidae) is not a Guiana Shield species. Phyllomedusa 3 (2): 141-144 - get paper here
  • Madella-Auricchio, Cláudia Renata; Paulo Auricchio Enio Saraiva Soares 2017. Reptile species composition in the Middle Gurguéia and comparison with inventories in the eastern Parnaíba River Basin, State of Piauí, Brazil Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57(28): 375-386,
  • Marques, R., M.S. Tinôco, D. Couto- Ferreira, C.P. Fazolato, H.C. Browne-Ribeiro, M.L.O. Travassos, M.A. Dias & J.V.L. Mota 2011. Reserva Imbassaí Restinga: inventory of snakes on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (11): 2184–2191 - get paper here
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp.
  • Mesquita, Daniel O.; Brygida C.F. Alves, Carmem K.B. Pedro, Daniel O. Laranjeiras, Francis L.S. Caldas, Isabella M.M.C. Pedrosa, Jefter B. Rodrigues, Leandro O. Drummond, Lucas B.Q. Cavalcanti, Milena Wachlevski, Paulo Nogueira-Costa, Rafaela C. Fran 2018. Herpetofauna in two habitat types (tabuleiros and Stational Semidecidual Forest) in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 455-474
  • Morato, S.A.A.; A.M.X. Lima; D.C.P. Staut; R.G. Faria; J.P. Souza-Alves; S.F. Gouveia; M.R.C. Scupino; R. Gomes; M.J. Silva. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Mata do Junco, municipality of Capela, state of Sergipe, northeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 756-762 - get paper here
  • Nascimento de Oliveira, Camila; Sérgio Luiz da Silva Muniz, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2016. Reptiles of an urban Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 175-183 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Roze, J.A. 1966. On the synonymy and type specimens of the coral snakes Micrurus corallinus and M. ibiboboca (Marcgravii). Copeia 1966 (2): 369-371 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1936. Preliminary account of coral snakes of South America. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 20 (19): 189-203 - get paper here
  • Silva, Marcélia Basto da; Wáldima Alves da Rocha, Janete Diane Nogueira-Paranhos 2016. CHECKLIST OF REPTILES FROM AN AREA OF CERRADO-CAATINGA ECOTONE, EAST MARANHÃO, BRAZIL. Herpetology Notes 9: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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