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Micrurus narduccii (JAN, 1863)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesMicrurus narduccii narduccii (JAN 1863)
Micrurus narduccii melanotus (PETERS 1881) 
Common NamesAndean Blackback Coral Snake 
SynonymElaps narduccii JAN 1863: 222
Elaps scutiventris COPE 1870: 156
Leptomicrurus narduccii SCHMIDT 1937: 363
Leptomicrurus narduccii — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 157
Leptomicrurus narduccii — DUELLMAN 1978: 260
Leptomicrurus narduccii — WELCH 1994: 73
Micrurus narduccii — SLOWINSKI 1995
Micrurus narduccii — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Leptomicrurus narduccii — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 129
Micrurus narduccii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 450

Micrurus narduccii melanotus (PETERS 1881)
Elaps melanotus PETERS 1881: 51
Leptomicrurus narduccii melanotus
Micrurus narduccii melanotus — SLOWINSKI et al. 2001
Leptomicrurus narduccii melanotus — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 130 
DistributionS Colombia, E Ecuador, N/E Peru, NW Brazil, NW Bolivia

Type locality: “Bolivia”; restricted to "Buenavista, Provincia de Santa Cruz" = Buena Vista, Provincia Ichilo, by Roze and
Bernal-Carlo, 1987).

Type locality: “Sarayacu (Ecuador)” [Elaps melanotus PETERS 1881] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: lost (fide Harvey et al. 2003) "Bolivia" (CSI, number unknown).
Syntypes: ZMB 9812 (2 specimens) [Elaps melanotus PETERS 1881]
Syntype: ANSP 6801; EcuLador,Pebas on the Amazon [scutiventris] 
CommentSynonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Venomous!

Diagnosis. (1) Dorsum black except for orange nuchal ring and, often, an orange ring around base of tail; circular orange or yellow spots on venter; (2) hemipenis and tail relatively short; (3) two supralabials entering orbit; (4) mental broadly contacting chinshields; (5) anal scale usually divided; (6) dorsal head scales immaculate black except for orange band crossing all of frontal and anterior portions of parietals to supralabials and onto underside of head; (7) subcaudals 17-20 in females and 23—26 in males. 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Campbell, Jonathan A. and William W. Lamar 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere, 2 vols. Comstock (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, NY, 962 pp. [review in Science 305: 182]
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352 - get paper here
  • Harvey M. B., J. Aparicio E, and L. Gonzalez A. 2003. Revision of the venomous snakes of Bolivia: Part 1. The coralsnakes (Elapidae: Micrurus). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 72: 1-52
  • Jan, G. 1863. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti al gruppo Coronellidae. Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. 2 (2): 213-330 [1862] - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1881. Eine neue Gattung von Geckonen, Scalabotes thomensis, welche Hr. Professor Dr. Greeff in Marburg auf der westafrikanischen Insel St. Thomé entdeckt hat, und über die Stellung von Elaps sundevallii Smith, eine von Wahlberg im Kafferlande gefundene Art Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1880 (October): 795-798
  • Ramos, J.A. 2017. Micrurus narduccii (Leptomicrurus narduccii) (Andean Blackback Coralsnake) Diet. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 677-678.
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1936. Preliminary account of coral snakes of South America. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 20 (19): 189-203 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1937. The history of Elaps collaris SCHLEGEL 1837-1937. Field Mus. nat. Hist (ser. zool.) 20: 361-364 - get paper here
  • Slowinski J B. 1995. A phylogenetic analysis of the New World coral snakes (Elapidae: Leptomicrurus, Micruroides, and Micrurus) based on allozymic and morphological characters. Journal of Herpetology 29 (3): 325-338 - get paper here
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Visinoni A. 1995. Leptomicrurus narduccii narduccii endemic to the Bolivian Orient [in Italian]. ATTI DELLA SOCIETA ITALIANA DI SCIENZE NATURALI E DEL MUSEO CIVICO DI STORIA NATURALE DI MILANO (1996) 136 (1): 86-93.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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