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Micrurus narduccii (JAN, 1863)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesMicrurus narduccii narduccii (JAN 1863)
Micrurus narduccii melanotus (PETERS 1881) 
Common NamesAndean Blackback Coral Snake 
SynonymElaps narduccii JAN 1863: 222
Elaps scutiventris COPE 1870: 156
Leptomicrurus narduccii SCHMIDT 1937: 363
Leptomicrurus narduccii — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 157
Leptomicrurus narduccii — DUELLMAN 1978: 260
Leptomicrurus narduccii — WELCH 1994: 73
Micrurus narduccii — SLOWINSKI 1995
Micrurus narduccii — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Leptomicrurus narduccii — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 129
Micrurus narduccii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 450

Micrurus narduccii melanotus (PETERS 1881)
Elaps melanotus PETERS 1881: 51
Leptomicrurus narduccii melanotus
Micrurus narduccii melanotus — SLOWINSKI et al. 2001
Leptomicrurus narduccii melanotus — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 130 
DistributionS Colombia, E Ecuador, N/E Peru, NW Brazil, NW Bolivia

Type locality: “Bolivia”; restricted to "Buenavista, Provincia de Santa Cruz" = Buena Vista, Provincia Ichilo, by Roze and
Bernal-Carlo, 1987).

Type locality: “Sarayacu (Ecuador)” [Elaps melanotus PETERS 1881] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: lost (fide Harvey et al. 2003) "Bolivia" (CSI, number unknown).
Syntypes: ZMB 9812 (2 specimens) [Elaps melanotus PETERS 1881]
Syntype: ANSP 6801; EcuLador,Pebas on the Amazon [scutiventris] 
CommentSynonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Venomous!

Diagnosis. (1) Dorsum black except for orange nuchal ring and, often, an orange ring around base of tail; circular orange or yellow spots on venter; (2) hemipenis and tail relatively short; (3) two supralabials entering orbit; (4) mental broadly contacting chinshields; (5) anal scale usually divided; (6) dorsal head scales immaculate black except for orange band crossing all of frontal and anterior portions of parietals to supralabials and onto underside of head; (7) subcaudals 17-20 in females and 23—26 in males. 
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Campbell, Jonathan A. and William W. Lamar 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere, 2 vols. Comstock (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, NY, 962 pp. [review in Science 305: 182]
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352 - get paper here
  • Harvey M. B., J. Aparicio E, and L. Gonzalez A. 2003. Revision of the venomous snakes of Bolivia: Part 1. The coralsnakes (Elapidae: Micrurus). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 72: 1-52
  • Jan, G. 1863. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti al gruppo Coronellidae. Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. 2 (2): 213-330 [1862] - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1936. Preliminary account of coral snakes of South America. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 20 (19): 189-203 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1937. The history of Elaps collaris SCHLEGEL 1837-1937. Field Mus. nat. Hist (ser. zool.) 20: 361-364 - get paper here
  • Slowinski J B. 1995. A phylogenetic analysis of the New World coral snakes (Elapidae: Leptomicrurus, Micruroides, and Micrurus) based on allozymic and morphological characters. Journal of Herpetology 29 (3): 325-338 - get paper here
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Visinoni A. 1995. Leptomicrurus narduccii narduccii endemic to the Bolivian Orient [in Italian]. ATTI DELLA SOCIETA ITALIANA DI SCIENZE NATURALI E DEL MUSEO CIVICO DI STORIA NATURALE DI MILANO (1996) 136 (1): 86-93.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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