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Micrurus nattereri SCHMIDT, 1952

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesNatterer’s Coral Snake 
SynonymMicrurus surinamensis nattereri SCHMIDT 1952
Micrurus surinamensis nattereri — WELCH 1994: 89
Micrurus surinamensis nattereri — KORNACKER 1999: 160
Micrurus nattereri — PASSOS & FERNANDES 2005
Micrurus nattereri — RIVAS et al. 2012
Micrurus nattereri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 450 
DistributionS Venezuela (upper Orinoco, Rio Negro), E Colombia, N Brazil;

Type locality: between Guaramaco and San Fernando de Atabapo in upper Orinoco River, Venezuela. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: SMF 20708 (Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft, Frankfurt), a female from a locality between Guaramaco and San Fernando de Atabapo in upper Orinoco River, Venezuela, collected by G. Hübner in 1895 
CommentVenomous!

Max total length: 130 cm.

Diagnosis: Distinguished from other species of the genus (except from M. surinamensis) by frontal scale narrower than supraoculars; only one supralabial (4th) contacting the eye; head flattened with nostrils and eyes directed upwards; process pseudocoronoid extremely developed; distinguished from M. surinamensis by having 180–195 (instead of 156–174) ventrals in males and 193–215 (instead of 169–187) ventrals in females; supratemporals reaching only the posterior portion of exoccipitals rather than extending well beyond exoccipitals in M.surinamensis; posterior portion of parietal bone blunter than in M. surinamensis which has a conspicuous sharp projection in this region (from PASSOS & FERNANDES 2005). 
References
  • HOGE, A. R., AND A. R. LANCINI 1959. Nota sobre Micrurus surinamensis nattereri Schmidt e Micrurus pyrrhocryptus Cope. Memórias do Instituto Butantan 42/43:373-496 - get paper here
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Passos, P.; Fernandes, D.S. 2005. Variation and taxonomic status of the aquatic coral snake Micrurus surinamensis (Cuvier, 1817) (Serpentes: Elapidae). Zootaxa 953:1-14. - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1952. The Surinam coral snake, Micrurus surinamensis. Fieldiana: Zoology 34 (4): 25-34 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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