Micrurus ornatissimus (JAN, 1858)
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|Higher Taxa||Elapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Ornate Coralsnake|
|Synonym||Elaps ornatissimus JAN 1858: 521|
Elaps buckleyi BOULENGER 1896: 416
Micrurus ornatissimus — SCHMIDT 1936: 191
Micrurus langsdorffi — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 211
Micrurus langsdorffi ornatissimus — PEREZ-SANTOS & MORENO 1988: 388
Micrurus langsdorffi ornatissimus — WELCH 1994: 85
Micrurus ornatissimus — LEHR 2002: 205
Micrurus ornatissimus — CARVALHO 2002
Micrurus cf. ornatissimus — BERNARDE et al. 2012
Micrurus ornatissimus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 451
|Distribution||Amazonian slopes of the Andes in E Ecuador, Colombia, N Peru|
Type locality: in error (see comment)
|Types||Holotype: MSNM = MilM = Milan Museum|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. A coral snake with a light spot on each supraocular shield in most specimens, black rings not in triads, the black rings edged with very narrow yellow rings that are reduced to yellow spots on half scales, so that the yellow rings are discontinuous. The red rings are subject to darkening with black pigment and the black rings to fading, producing an almost uniform coloration from which the yellow half-scales stand out as strikingly distinct spots; the venter fades to complete loss of the dark rings [from SCHMIDT 1955].|
|Comment||Synonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.|
Distribution: Some populations from Western Amazonia have been split off as Micrurus tikuna. Not in Brazil fide Nogueira et al 2019 (Atlas).
Terra typica erroneously given as “Mexico” (fide SCHMIDT 1936).
|Etymology||The name ornatissimus is Latin for very ornate or decorated, probably alluding to the light head spots and the pearly white crossbands that, in combination with the brilliant red bands, make it look quite "ornamentissimus" in life.|
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