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Micrurus paraensis DA CUNHA & NASCIMENTO, 1973

IUCN Red List - Micrurus paraensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymMicrurus psiches paraensis [sic!] DA CUNHA & NASCIMENTO 1973
Micrurus psyches donosoi HOGE, CORDEIRO & ROMANO 1976
Micrurus paraensis — HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1981
Micrurus psyches donosoi — ROZE 1982: 334
Micrurus paraensis debruini ABUYS 1987
Micrurus psyches donosoi — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989: 140
Micrurus psyches paraensis — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989
Micrurus psyches paraensis — WELCH 1994: 89
Micrurus paraensis — ROZE 1994
Micrurus paraensis — STRUSSMAN & DE CARVALHO 1998
Micrurus paraensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 452 
DistributionBrazil (Mato Grosso, Para), S Suriname

Type locality: Icoaraci, Belém, Pará, Brasil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MPEG 0851 
CommentVenomous!

Max total length: 70 cm.

M. psyches psyches has a higher number (23 to 37) of black body rings, besides

do not being registered for Brazilian territory, its distribution is limited to Venezuela, north Guyana, Suriname and French Guyana (Roze, 1996). In contrast, M. (psyches) paraensis has a lower number (13 to 20) of black body rings. 
References
  • Abuys, A. 1987. A new coral snake (genus Micrurus) from Surinam. Litteratura Serpentium 7 (5): 215-220
  • Ávila, R.W.; R.A. Kawashita-Ribeiro. 2011. Herpetofauna of São João da Barra Hydroelectric Plant, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 750-755 - get paper here
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Claessen, H. 2005. De slangen van de Guyana’s, deel IX. Lacerta 63 (6): 228-241 - get paper here
  • Cunha, O. R. da; Nascimento, F. P. do 1973. Ofidios da Amazonia. IV. As cobras corais (genero Micrurus) da regiao leste do Pará (Ophidia: Elapidae) Nota preliminar. Publcoes avulsas Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi 20: 273-286
  • FEITOSA, DARLAN TAVARES; NELSON JORGE DA SILVA JR., MATHEUS GODOY PIRES, HUSSAM ZAHER & ANA LÚCIA DA COSTA PRUDENTE 2015. A new species of monadal coral snake of the genus Micrurus (Serpentes, Elapidae) from western Amazon. Zootaxa 3974 (4): 538–554
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Hoge & ROMANO-Hoge 1981. Poisonous snakes of the world. Part I. Check list of the pit vipers, Viperoidea, Viperidae, Crotalinae. Mem. Inst. Butantan 42/43 [1978-1979]: 179-309 - get paper here
  • Mendes-Pinto, T. J. & S. Marques de Souza 2011. Preliminary assessment of amphibians and reptiles from Floresta Nacional do Trairão, with a new snake record for the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Salamandra 47 (4): 199-206 - get paper here
  • Morato de Carvalho, C. 2002. Descrição de uma nova espécie de Micrurus do Estado de Roraima, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapidae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 42(8):183-192 - get paper here
  • Nascimento F Paiva do; de Avila-Pires T C Sauer; da Cunha O Rodrigues 1987. Os repteis da area de Carajas, Para, Brasil (Squamata). 2. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi NOVA SERIE ZOOLOGIA 3(1) 1987: 33-65
  • Roze, J.A. 1994. Notes on the taxonomy of venomous coral snakes (Elapidae) of South America. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 30: 177-185. - get paper here
  • Silva, F.M.; A.C. Menks; A.L.C. Prudente; J.C.L. Costa; A.E.M. Travassos; U. Galatti. 2011. Squamate Reptiles from municipality of Barcarena and surroundings, state of Pará, north of Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 220-226
  • Strussman,C. & de Carvalho,M.A. 1998. New herpetological records for the state of Mato Grosso, western Brazil. Herpetological Review 29 (3): 183-185 - get paper here
  • Tavares Feitosa, D.; da Costa Prudente, A.L. & de Lima, A.C. 2007. Redescription and variation of Micrurus paraensis Cunha & Nascimento 1973 (Serpentes: Elapidae). Zootaxa 1470: 35-45 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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