You are here » home advanced search search results Micrurus scutiventris

Micrurus scutiventris (COPE, 1869)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Micrurus scutiventris?

Add your own observation of
Micrurus scutiventris »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Little black coral snake, Pigmy black-backed coralsnake
Portuguese: Cobra-Coral, Coral-Verdadeira, Cobra-Coral-Pequena 
SynonymElaps scutiventris COPE 1869: 156
Leptomicrurus schmidti HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1966
Micrurus karlschmidti HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1972
Leptomicrurus scutiventris ROZE & BERNAL-CARLO 1987: 595
Leptomicrurus schmidti — WELCH 1994: 73
Micrurus scutiventris — SLOWINSKI 1995
Leptomicrurus scutiventris — ROZE 1996: 135
Micrurus scutiventris — SLOWINSKI et al. 2001
Leptomicrurus scutiventris — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 130
Micrurus scutiventris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 453
Micrurus scutiventris — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

Type locality: "Pebas on the Amazon in Equador. [=Departamento Loreto, NE Perú].  
TypesHolotype: ANSP 6801, a 445 female (J. Orton). 
DiagnosisDefinition: A small black coral snake with an orange or yellowish head band and red ventral spots that sometimes extend over the dorsum forming several narrow bands, and a low number of ventrals: 219 to 274 in both sexes (Roze 1996: 135).

Description: Males have 219 to 243 (231.6) and females have 253 to 274 (256.2) ventrals; subcaudals 21 to 27 (24.0) in males and IS to 20 (18.0) in females; 1-1 temporals; Examined: 12 males and 3 females, including the type of L. schmidti.
The snout is black to the level of the eyes and may or may not include the anterior part of the frontal and supraoculars. The orangy-red or light head band covers the rest of the head, except the tip of the parietals and the seventh supralabial, which are black. Below the head is usually all light red including all the genials. Occasionally, some black spots are present on a few infralabials and the mental. The body is usually all black dorsally with red ventral spots. In some small specimens the ventral spots are reduced but complete dorsally, forming narrow body bands. The red ventral . spots occupy 2 to 4 ventrals and extend on the first two dorsal rows. When the red spots become complete bands dorsally they cover one scale or less. The black ventral interspaces between the red spots are 4 to 8 ventrals long. On the taH, one or more red bands are always complete; ventrally they are longer than the red body bands.
The males have 26 to 34 (31.2) and the females have 24 to 35 (28.5) red ventral spots. On the tail are 2 to 4 reddish-orange ventral spots or bands (Roze 1996: 135). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin scuti- a shield or scale and venter meaning belly; scutiventris, one with ventral scales, probably alludes to the relatively high number of ventrals in this species.

The names schmidti and karlschmidti are dedications to Karl P. Schmidt, the late curator of herpetology at the Field Museum of Natural History Chicago. 
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Campbell, Jonathan A. and William W. Lamar 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere, 2 vols. Comstock (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, NY, 962 pp. [review in Science 305: 182]
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Hoge, A.R. & Romano, S. 1966. Leptomicrurus in Brasil (Serpentes: Elapidae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 32 [1965]: 1-8 - get paper here
  • Hoge, A.R. & Romano,S. 1973. Sinopse das serpentes peçonhentas do Brasil. Serpentes, Elapidae e Viperidae. Mem. Inst. Butantan 36 [1972]: 109-207 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Roze, Janis A. & Bernal-Carlo, Amanda 1988. Las serpientes corales venenonas del género Leptomicrurus (Serpentes, Elapidae) de Suramérica con descripción de una nueva subespecie. Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino 5 (2): 573-608 [1987]
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator