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Micrurus tikuna FEITOSA, DA SILVA Jr, PIRES, ZAHER & PRUDENTE, 2015

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymMicrurus tikuna FEITOSA, DA SILVA Jr, PIRES, ZAHER & COSTA-PRUDENTE 2015
Micrurus ornatissimus — SILVA-HAAD 1994: 82.
Micrurus ornatissimus — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: Plate 159 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas), Colombia (Amazonas), Peru ?

Type locality: INCRA neighborhood, municipality of Tabatinga (04°14’36’’S, 69°54’15’’W; elevation ca. 80 m above sea level), state of Amazonas, Brazil Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MPEG 18199, Adult female (formerly Hospital Regional de Leticia-HRL 10101), collected by Juan Silva Haad, on 1991 (Figs. 1–2).
Paratype. Adult male, ICN 10853, collected by Maria Cristina Ardila, (field number MC 8531), on November 23 1996 at Km 9.5 from Leticia-Tarapacá road, Quebrada La Arenosa (02°57’58’’S, 69°48’58’’ W, ca. 110 m asl), municipality of Leticia, department of Amazonas, Colombia. 
CommentDistribution: not recorded from Peru but the type locality is very close to the Peruvian border, hence the species is likely present there as well. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet “tikuna” is a name in apposition derived from Tupi indigenous word “tacouma,” meaning a men with their face or nose painted with black (Gregório 1980). Tikuna also refers to the native Indian nation that originally occupied the western Amazon region along the upper Solimões River near the boundaries between Brazil, Colombia and Peru. Similar to the Tikuna Indians, the new species of Micrurus has a head predominantly black. 
References
  • FEITOSA, DARLAN TAVARES; NELSON JORGE DA SILVA JR., MATHEUS GODOY PIRES, HUSSAM ZAHER & ANA LÚCIA DA COSTA PRUDENTE 2015. A new species of monadal coral snake of the genus Micrurus (Serpentes, Elapidae) from western Amazon. Zootaxa 3974 (4): 538–554
 
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