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Mochlus somalicum (PARKER, 1942)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Lygosominae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesSomali Writhing Skink 
SynonymRiopa modesta somalica PARKER 1942: 90
Lygosoma sundevalli somalicum — WELCH 1982: 82
Lygosoma somalicum — LANZA 1990
Lygosoma somalicum — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2006: 67
Lygosoma somalicum — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 379
Mochlus somalicum — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 154 
DistributionSomalia, E Ethiopia, SE Kenya, NE Tanzania

Type locality: near Berbera, inland of Berbera and Wagga (Goolis Mts), Somalia; 10°10’N 42°50’E, 4500 feet elevation, Ethiopia; 10°05’N 43°00’E, 5500 feet elevation, Ethiopia  
Typessyntype: BMNH 1937.12.5.747/1946.8.7.5, BMNH 1937.12.5.746/1946.8.7.6 
CommentLygosoma modestum from Ethiopia (quoted by BOULENGER 1895) could belong to this species. 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution in Somalia. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1895. An account of the reptiles and batrachians collected by Dr. A. Donaldson Smith in western Somaliland and the Galla Country. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 530-540 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1966. A review of the Riopa sundevalli group (Sauria: Scincidae) in Southern Africa. Arnoldia (Rhodesia) (ser. 2) 34: 1-7
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Welch, K.R.G. 1982. Herpetology of Africa; a checklist and bibliography of the orders Amphisbaenia, Sauria, and Serpentes. Robert E. Krieger Pub. Co., Malabar, FL 293 pp.
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