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Mochlus somalicus (PARKER, 1942)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Lygosominae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSomali Writhing Skink 
SynonymRiopa modesta somalica PARKER 1942: 90
Mochlus sundevalli somalicus — LAURENT & GANS 1965: 38
Lygosoma sundevalli somalicum — WELCH 1982: 82
Lygosoma somalicum — LANZA 1990
Lygosoma somalicum — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2006: 67
Lygosoma somalicum — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 379
Mochlus somalicum — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 154 
DistributionSomalia, E Ethiopia, SE Kenya, NE Tanzania

Type locality: near Berbera, inland of Berbera and Wagga (Goolis Mts), Somalia; 10°10’N 42°50’E, 4500 feet elevation, Ethiopia; 10°05’N 43°00’E, 5500 feet elevation, Ethiopia  
Reproduction 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.6.98-99 (formerly 1905.11.7.30-31), Wagga, Goolis Mountains, near Berbera, collected G.W. Bury; 1946.8.7.5 (formerly 1937.12.5.747), 1946.8.7.6 (formerly 1937.12.5.746), Borama district, British Somaliland, collected R.H.R. Taylor; 1946.8.10.65-66 (formerly 1905.10.30.97-98), near Barbera, Sopmaliland, collected G.W. Bury; 1946.8.10.86-87 (formerly 95.6.14.25-26), inland of Berbera, collected E. Lort-Phillips; MNHN (=MNHP) 1918.15, near Berbera, collected G.W. Bury. MNHN syntype incorrectly cited as 1918.5 by Parker (see Brygoo, 1985). 
Diagnosis 
CommentLygosoma modestum from Ethiopia (quoted by BOULENGER 1895) could belong to this species. 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution in Somalia. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1895. An account of the reptiles and batrachians collected by Dr. A. Donaldson Smith in western Somaliland and the Galla Country. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 530-540 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1966. A review of the Riopa sundevalli group (Sauria: Scincidae) in Southern Africa. Arnoldia (Rhodesia) (ser. 2) 34: 1-7
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Welch, K.R.G. 1982. Herpetology of Africa; a checklist and bibliography of the orders Amphisbaenia, Sauria, and Serpentes. Robert E. Krieger Pub. Co., Malabar, FL 293 pp.
 
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