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Mochlus striatus (HALLOWELL, 1854)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Lygosominae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymEuprepis striata HALLOWELL 1854: 98
Euprepes (Tiliqua) elegans FISCHER 1883 (preoccupied by Euprepis elegans PETERS 1854)
Euprepes leoninus FISCHER 1884 (nom. nov. pro E. elegans FISCHER 1883)
Lepidothyris striatus — WAGNER et al. 2009
Mochlus striatus — FREITAS et al. 2019 
DistributionGabon (corrected type locality fide Hallowell 1860; IRSNB 16897; USNM 561500; Pauwels et al. 2002), Cameroon (ZMH R08219), Congo (Brazzaville) (RM 4671, 4672), Central African Republic (Chirio & Ineich 2006; MNHN 1997.3100, 1997.3101) and probably the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire: Katanga).

Type locality: Liberia (in error), western coast of Africa. corrected by HALLOWELL 1860 to “Gabon”.

elegans: Type locality: Sierra Leone.

leoninus: Type locality: Sierra Leone.  
TypesSyntype: ANSP 9535, ANSP 9536, Gabon, leg. Ford, 1854 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: L. striatus is distinguishable from the other taxa of the genus Lepidothyris by different aspects in morphology and colouration: L. hinkeli is smaller in size and also has an ear opening with two lobule scales. L. hinkeli has 34 to 38 scale rows around midbody instead of 32 to 35 in L. striatus; longitudinal ventral scales differs from 61 to 77 in L. hinkeli instead of 57 to 67 in L. striatus, colouration of the throat is speckled black instead of the pure white throat of L. hinkeli. L. fernandi has the same size but lobule scales as in L. striatus are lacking. L. fernandi has 31 to 34 scales rows around midbody and 56 to 67 longitudinal ventral scales.
CommentThis species has been previously synonymized with Mochlus (now Lepidothyris) fernandi.

The type specimens of Euprepes leoninus Fischer, 1884 (a synonym of L. striatus) are supposedly from Sierra Leone (Fischer 1883, 1884) but it is highly doubtful that the species occurs there (Wagner et al. 2009). 
  • Carlino, P. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2015. An Updated Reptile List of Ivindo National Park, the Herpetofaunal Hotspot of Gabon. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 50(3): 25-39 - get paper here
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1883. Beschreibungen neuer Reptilien. Jahresber. Naturhist. Mus. Hamburg 1882: 1-15
  • Fischer, J. G. 1884. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Abh. Nat. Ver. Hamburg 8 (2): 43-51 (3-11)
  • FREITAS, ELYSE S.; ANIRUDDHA DATTA-ROY, PRAVEEN KARANTH, L. LEE GRISMER and CAMERON D. SILER 2019. Multilocus phylogeny and a new classification for African, Asian and Indian supple and writhing skinks (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 186 (4): 1067–1096 - get paper here
  • Hallowell,E. 1854. Remarks on the geographical distribution of reptiles, with descriptions of several species supposed to be new, and corrections of former papers. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 1854: 98-105 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; Kamdem Toham, A. & Chimsunchart, C. 2002. Recherches sur l’herpétofaune du Massif du Chaillu, Gabon. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 72: 47-57 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Wolfgang Böhme; Olivier S. G. Pauwels & Andreas Schmitz 2009. A review of the African red-flanked skinks of the Lygosoma fernandi (BURTON, 1836) species group (Squamata: Scincidae) and the role of climate change in their speciation. Zootaxa 2050: 1-30 - get paper here
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