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Moloch horridus GRAY, 1841

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Thorny Devil, Mountain Devil
G: Dornteufel, Moloch 
SynonymMoloch horridus GRAY 1841
Acanthosaurus gibbosus BERTHOLD 1846: 12
Moloch horridus — BOULENGER 1885: 411
Moloch horridus — COGGER 1983
Moloch horridus — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 84
Moloch horridus — COGGER 2000: 344
Moloch horridus — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionC Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia)

Type locality: Western Australia  
TypesHolotype: unknown
Holotype: ZFMK [Acanthosaurus gibbosus] 
CommentType species: Moloch horridus GRAY 1841 is the type specis of the genus Moloch GRAY 1841.

Abundance: not uncommon, with more than 200 specimens collected (Pianka 2011) 
  • Berthold,A.A. 1846. Mittheilungen über das zoologische Museum zu Göttingen. I. Verzeichnisss der aufgestellten Reptilien. Nachr. G. A. Univ. K. Gesell. Wiss. Göttingen 8-10: 1-28
  • Bohme, W. & W. Bischoff 1984. III. Amphibien und Reptilien. In: G. Rheinwald [ed.], Die Wirbeltiersammlungen des Museums Alexander Koenig. [type catalogue] Bonner zoologische Monographien, Bonn, (19): 151-213 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1841. Description of some new species and four new genera of reptiles from Western Australia, discovered by John Gould, Esq. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 7: 86-91 - get paper here
  • Hutchinson, Mark N. and Rhonda G. Hutchinson 2011. Karyotypes of Moloch and Chelosania (Squamata: Acrodonta). Journal of Herpetology 45 (2): 216-218. - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Pianka, Eric R. 1997. Australia's Thorny Devil. Reptiles 5 (11): 14-23 - get paper here
  • Pianka, Eric R.;Pianka, Helen D. 1970. The ecology of Moloch horridus (Lacertilia: Agamidae) in Western Australia. Copeia 1970 (1): 90-103 - get paper here
  • Pianka, G A; E R Pianka & G G Thompson 1998. Natural history of thorny devils Moloch horridus (Lacertilia: Agamidae) in the Great Victoria Desert. J. Roy. Soc. West. Aust. 81: 183-190 - get paper here
  • Siebenrock, Friedrich 1892. Ueber Wirbelassimilation bei den Sauriern. Annalen des Königlichen Kaiserlichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseum in Wien 7: 373-378
  • Switak, K.-H. 2017. Im Angesicht des Teufels Reptilia (Münster) 22 (128): 38-40 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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