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Myriopholis macrorhyncha (JAN, 1860)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Leptotyphlopinae, Myriopholini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Longnosed Worm Snake, Hook-snouted worm snake
G: Langnasige Schlankblindschlange 
SynonymStenosoma (Ramphostoma) macrorhynchum JAN 1860
Stenosoma (Ramphostoma) macrorhynchum JAN 1861: 190
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus (JAN 1860 in JAN & SORDELLI 1860-1866)
Glauconia macrorhynchus BOULENGER 1890: 92
Glauconia macrorhynchus — BOULENGER 1893: 61
Glauconia hamulirostris NIKOLSKY 1907: 260
Leptotyphlops phillipsi BARBOUR 1914: 87
Glauconia erythrea SCORTECCI 1929: 293
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus — CORKILL 1932: 8
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus macrorhynchus - ANGEL 1936
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus - SMITH 1943
Leptotyphlops erythraea - PARKER 1949: 21
Leptotyphlops hamulirostris - MERTENS 1956: 90
Leptotyphlops phillipsi — CORKILL & COCHRANE 1966
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus — PAPENFUSS 1969: 279
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus — HAHN 1978
Leptotyphlops erythraeus — HAHN 1980: 14
Leptotyphlops hamulirostris — HAHN 1980: 16
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus macrorhynchus — HAHN 1980
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus — LARGEN & RASMUSSEN 1993
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 475
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus macrorhynchus — HAHN & WALLACH 1998
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 35
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007
Leptotyphlops hamulirostris — RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2008
Myriopholis macrorhyncha — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Myriopholis phillipsi — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 429
Myriopholis macrorhyncha — WALLACH et al. 2014: 465 
DistributionTurkey (West of Tigris through Adiyaman Province),
Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, Sinai, Israel
Senegal, Mali, Ghana, Guinea (Conakry), Eritrea, possibly Cameroon (Hughes 1983), Nigeria,
Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Somalia, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE),
NW India, Pakistan; elevation 0-1250 m.

Type locality: “Sennaar” (Sudan)

phillipsi: S Israel, Jordan; Type locality: Petra, Arabia (= Jordan). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MSNM (now lost fide VENCHI & SINDACO 2006).
Holotype: MCZ 9650 [phillipsi] 
CommentSimilar species: L. cairi.

Distribution: Not listed in TRAPE & MANÉ 2006. Records from Mauritania represent L. algeriensis (according to PADIAL, pers. comm.). Not in Niger (L. Chirio, pers. comm. 23 Aug 20). Records from Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia are now assigned to L. algeriensis (TRAPÉ 2002). M. macrorhynchus has been found in Israel but M. philipsi has not (BAR & HAIMOVITCH 2012).

Synonymy: following HAHN 1998. Leptotyphlops algeriensis JAQUET 1895 has been considered a synonym of Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus (HAHN 1980) or as a subspecies of L. macrorhynchus (HAHN & WALLACH 1998). Leptotyphlops macrorhynchus bilmaensis ANGEL 1936 has been synonymized with Leptotyphlops cairi by HAHN & WALLACH 1998 (and has been listed as L. m. bilmaensis BARBOUR 1914 by SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996). Glauconia braccianii SCORTECCI 1929 is now considered as a synonym of L. cairi. L. erythraeus is most likely a valid species fide TRAPE (2002). Disi et al. (2001) and Bouskila & Amitai (2001) list L. phillipsi as a synonym of L. macrorhynchus, following Hahn 1978 and Hahn 1998. ADALSTEINSSON et al. 2009 seem to have adopted this name without analyzing specimens.

Common name: Phillips' Blind Snake [phillipsi]

Etymology: L. phillipsi has been named after the collector of the type, Dr. J.C. Phillips.

Diagnosis: A member of the Leptotyphlops longicaudus group, differing from L. longicaudus in its strongly hooked snout and relatively shorter tail (total length/tail ratio 10.0–14.3 vs 5.7–11.0). It differs from L. cairi in being unpigmented, having a beak, and a longer, thinner body. Skull with a large frontoparietal foramen like L. cairi.

Habitat. Sandy areas of dry savanna and semi-desert. At least parapatric with Leptotyphlops cairi at the type locality and in the lower Nile Valley near Cairo, Egypt (Baha el Din, 2006). 
References
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